KORC Annotated Checklist of Birds

Prepared by A. Al-Sirhan: KORC Secretary

Birds that need submitting KORC Form is available here

For rare birds that you only need to report to KORC click here

The KORC Form is available here for download.

Click here to see a bilingual photographic checklist.

To download a PDF version click here

Last updated and revised on 27/12/2016 according to OSME Region List v3.3

INTRODUCTION

The Kuwait Annotated Checklist of Birds follows OSME Region List and its nomenclature. and is validated, endorsed and approved by Kuwait Ornithological Rarities Committee (KORC). It aims to be the most current and definitive checklist for Kuwait. It will be reviewed and updated after every KORC meeting, as new species are added and submitted Rarity Forms adjudicated.

The status of each bird is stated under each species’ name and is what KORC has agreed based on current knowledge. The Highest Daily Count (HDC) is stated under the status is taken from past database and is now heavily depended on data obtained from data entered in eBird.org or from records reported directly to me from trusted birders.

KORC has agreed that Rarity Reports must be submitted for the first 20 sightings of all vagrants recorded and once that number has been reached then the status of that species will be reviewed and possibly revised.

STATUS

The seasonal status of each species is judged to be one of the following categories:
Abundant: Occurs annually in very large numbers.
Very common: Occurs annually in large numbers.
Common: Occurs annually in moderate numbers.
Uncommon: Occurs annually in small numbers.
Scarce: Occurs annually in very small numbers.
Rare: Does not occur annually but has occurred more than 10 times in total.
Vagrant: Has occurred less than 10 times in total.
Irregular: Occurs, not necessarily every year, in very variable numbers this is due to being overhunted, this happens with Sandgrouse.
Extinct: No longer exists.
Migrant: Passage through Kuwait in spring and autumn.
Winter visitor: Occurs in Kuwait during winter after migration has ended and stays in Kuwait for sometime.
Summer visito:r Occurs in Kuwait during summer after migration has ended and stays in Kuwait for sometime.
Resident: Occurs in Kuwait all year round.
Breeds: Breeds every year.
Has bred: A bird that has bred in the past but there is no sign of breeding in recent years.

CATEGORY DEFINITION

The Kuwait List comprises only those species in Category A, C, D and E
Category A: Species that have been recorded in an apparently natural state at least once.
Category C: Species that, although introduced (escaped) now derive from the resulting self-sustaining population.
Category D: Species that would otherwise appear in Category A, except there is reasonable doubt that they have occurred naturally.
Category E: Species that have been recorded as introductions, human-assisted transportees or escapees from captivity and whose breeding populations (if any) are thought not to be self sustaining.

The checklist includes sub-species that are being indented following OSME Region List. As of last KORC decisions held on 24 October 2016 the Total Species Count (A and C) of full species for Kuwait is 408

CATEGORY A And C

Eastern Greylag Goose Anser anser rubrirostris
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 11 on 26/12/2011 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Greater White-fronted Goose

Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons
Vagrant, 4 records.
1st - 3 on 05/02/2005 at Ras Subiya by George Gregory.
2nd - 2 on 14/11/2009 at Golf Club at Wafra Road 306 by Simon Price.
3rd - 7 on 31/10/2014 and next day 32 at JPR, O Al-Shaheen, H Al-Shayji, Abdulaziz Al-Yousef.
4th - 2 on 26/01/2015 at JPR, H Bouresli.

Mute Swan

Mute Swan Cygnus olor
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 in November 1997 at Jahra Pool Reserve Mish'al Al-Jraiwi.

Common Shelduck Tadorna tadorna
Common winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant
HDC: 300 on 28/01/2007

Ruddy Shelduck Tadorna ferruginea
Rare winter visitor. Rare passage migrant
HDC: 3 on 03/03/2005

Gadwall Anas strepera
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor
HDC: 450 on 17/01/1997

Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope
Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant
HDC: 350 on 17/01/1997

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 186 on 28/12/2008 at North Doha Reserve.

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 160 on 04/12/1992

Northern Pintail Anas acuta
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 50 on 13/11/1992

Garganey Anas querquedula
Common passage migrant. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 418 on 24/08/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Eurasian Teal Anas crecca
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 750 on 07/12/2007

Marbled Duck

Marbled Duck Marmaronetta angustirostris
Vagrant, 4 records.
1st - 3 on 09/02/1995 to 04/10/1996 at Jahra Pool Reserve by S.T. Spencer, C.W.T. Pilcher, Mahmoud Shehab and George Gregory.
2nd - 1 on 21-23/01/2000 at Sabah Al-Salem by J. Gaskell and Mark O. Chichester.
3rd - 4 on 09/02/2000 at Sabah Al-Salem by G. Gregory.
4th - 1 on 04/10/2007 at SAANR by Khaled Al-Ghanem.

Red-crested Pochard

Red-crested Pochard Netta rufina
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 9 on 29/12/2011 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Ouda Al-Bathali.
2nd - 1 from 13/09/2016 to 20/10/2016 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Neil Tovey.

Common Pochard Aythya ferina
Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 46 on 14/11/2016 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca
Common winter and summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 39 on 03/04/2016 at Jahra Pools Reserve. First records.

Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula
Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 30 on 11/03/1986

Long-tailed Duck

Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 4 on 07/11/2012 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Ouda Al-Bathali

Red-breasted Merganser

Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 2 on 17-18/01/1997 S T Spencer and C W T Pilcher.
2nd - 1 on 11/02/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, M Craig.

Common Quail Coturnix coturnix
Common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 30 on 13/09/1996

Sooty Shearwater

Sooty Shearwater Ardenna grisea
Vagrant, three record.
1st - 1 on 09/05/2009 on route to Kubbar Island, by Humoud Al-Shayji.
2nd - 1 on 24/05/2014 at Kuwait Bay, O.Al-Shaheen, H.Al-Shayji, A.Al-Yousef.
3rd - 1 on 23/05/2015 at Mina Al Zour by Mike Pope, then 2 on 25/05/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve by Omar Al-Shaheen.

Persian Shearwater

Persian Shearwater Puffinus persicus
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 25 on 09/05/1957 off beach south of Shuaiba, V A D Sales.

Little Grebe Tachybaptus ruficollis
Scarce resident. Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.Breeds.
HDC: 30 on 29/09/1995

Red-necked Grebe

Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 27/10/2010 found dead at Jahra East Outfall, Nicole Burgos & A Al-Sirhan.

Great Crested Grebe Podiceps cristatus
Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 14 on 15/02/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Horned Grebe

Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 1 on 04/11/1988 at Jahra Pool Reserve G Gregory, C. W. T. Pilcher, A. Tye and M. Shihab.
2nd - 2 on 01/01/2013 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Rashed Al-Hajji

Black-necked Grebe Podiceps nigricollis
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 53 on 12/02/1999

Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus
Very common winter visitor. Very common disperser in all seasons. Has bred.
HDC: 5189 on 20/01/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Lesser Flamingo

Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor
Vagrant, 4 records.
1st - 1 on 13/12/2007 at Sulaibikhat Bay, K. Al-Nasralah and R. Al-Hajji
2nd - 1 on 16/01/2010 at Sulaibikhat Bay, R. Al-Hajji.
3rd - 1 on 06/11/2014 at Sulaibikhat Bay, by Kane Brides, Robbie Hawkins and AbdulRahman Al-Sirhan.
4th - 1 on 22/12/2015 at Sulaibikhat Bay, Rashed Al-Hajji.

Red-billed Tropicbird

Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus
Vagrant, 3 records.
1st - 1 on 01/03/1954 at Sea Island/Kubbar R. Meinertzhagen.
2nd - 1 on 01/04/ 1969 at Khor Muffattah R. Meinertzhagen.
3rd - 1 in 1974 by K. Nakamura.

Black Stork Ciconia nigra
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 4 on 16/12/2013 at Jahra Pools Reserve. First records.

Western White Stork Ciconia ciconia
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: 78 on 26/09/2016 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

African Sacred Ibis

African Sacred Ibis Threskiornis aethiopicus
Vagrant, 2 records.
1st - 1 bird seen from 1980 to 1989 C. W. T. Pilcher, G. Gregory & M. Shihab.
2nd - 17 on 18/03/2007 at JEO by R. Al-Hajji.

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 80 on 29/08/2007

Eurasian Spoonbill Platalea leucorodia
Common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 200 on 17/05/2002

Eurasian Bittern Botaurus stellaris
Scarce passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 6 on 20/10/1995

Little Bittern Ixobrychus minutus
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 30 on 25/02/1985

Black-crowned Night Heron Nycticorax nycticorax
Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Rare summer visitor. Has bred
HDC: 42 on 09/10/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Striated Heron

Striated Heron Butorides striata
Vagrant, 5 records.
1st - 1 on 31/07/2011 at Sulaibikhat Bay by K.Al-Ghanem.
2nd - 1 on 06/07/2014 at Jahra Pool Reserve, K.Al-Ghanem.
3rd - 1 on 17/10/2014 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Mohammad Hamza Askar.
4th - 1 on 21/02/2015 at Khiran Marina, Mike Pope.
5th - 1 on 03/10/2015 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen.

Squacco Heron Ardeola ralloides
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 96 on 13/09/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Indian Pond Heron

Indian Pond Heron Ardeola grayii
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 1 on 07/11/2009 at Al-Abraq A Al-Sirhan.
2nd - 2 on 15/07/2013 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen.

Western Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 500 on 19/02/2016 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields.

Grey Heron Ardea cinerea
Common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor. Common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 827 on 20/11/2014 at Sulaibikhat Bay.

Purple Heron Ardea purpurea
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 138 on 10/04/2008

Western Great Egret Ardea alba
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 73 on 18/03/2015 at Sulaibikhat Bay.

Little Egret Egretta garzetta
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 180 on 01/10/2016 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Indian Reef Heron Egretta gularis schistacea
Very common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 900 breeding adults in Bubiyan Island in 2004

Great White Pelican Pelecanus onocrotalus
Rare disperser in all seasons. Has bred.
HDC: 100 breeding adults on 18/04/1922

Dalmatian Pelican

Dalmatian Pelican Pelecanus crispus
Vagrant, 8 records.
1st - 1 on 30/03/1968 by V. A. D. Sales.
2nd - 1 on 21/11/1980 C.W.T Pilcher.
3rd - 1 on 28/11/1981 at Sulaibikhat Bay by C. W. T. Pilcher.
4th - 3 on 05/04/1999 by H-M Bush, J. Rathberger-Knan and W. Bindl.
5th - 1 on 01/12/2002at Ras Salmiya J Brown.
6th - 1 on 6/3/2005 found dead at JEO, G Gregory.
7th - 2 on 01/05/2012 at Buobyan Island by Khaled Al-Nasrallah.
8th - 2 on 15/06/2014 at Buobyan Island, K & N Al-Nasrallah, P. Fagel.

Lesser Frigatebird

Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 10/04/2008 at Zour Port Chris Lansdell et al

Masked Booby

Masked Booby Sula dactylatra
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 01/04/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen.

Pygmy Cormorant

Pygmy Cormorant Microcarbo pygmeus
Vagrant, 3 records.
1st - 2 on 10/3/2001 at JEO O. Schroeder, S. Schroeder and G. Ostero.
2nd - 1 on 04/12/2010 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields B Foster, P Fagel. It was last seen on 01/04/2011.
3rd - 1 on 09/08/2013 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen & Hamad Bouresli.

Socotra Cormorant Phalacrocorax nigrogularis
Uncommon disperser in spring, summer and autumn. Has bred
HDC: 40 on 18/8/2000

Continental Great Cormorant Phalacrocorax sinensis
Common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 13600 on 25/1/2007

African Darter

African Darter Anhinga rufa
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 2 on 24/09/2009 at JEO by R. Al-Hajji et al.

Western Osprey Pandion haliaetus
Scarce passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 4 on 28/09/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Black-winged Kite Elanus caeruleus
Rare disperser.
HDC: 3 on 13/09/2015 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields. First records.

Egyptian Vulture Neophron percnopterus
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: 7 on 25/09/2015 at Al-Khuwaisat.

European Honey Buzzard Pernis apivorus
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: 14 on 09/09/2016 at Al-Jahra.

Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 12 on 06/09/2014 at Jahra East Outfall. First records.

Eurasian Griffon Vulture Gyps fulvus
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 15 on 08/11/2016 over Jahra Pools Reserve.

Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 2 on 09/03/1990

Lappet-faced Vulture

Lappet-faced Vulture Torgos trachielotos
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 15/04/2008 at SAANR by K. Al-Nasrallah.

Short-toed Snake Eagle Circaetus gallicus
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 14 on 13/10/1989

Lesser Spotted Eagle Clanga pomarina
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 2 on 08/03/2000

Greater Spotted Eagle Clanga clanga
Uncommon passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 23 on 17/11/2016 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Booted Eagle Hieraaetus pennatus
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: 7 on 13/10/1989

Steppe Eagle Aquila nipalensis
Very common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 2000 on 23/9/2003

Eastern Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 20 on 24/10/2016 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Golden Eagle

Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos
Vagrant, 10 records.
1st - 1 on 19/11/1977 at Bahra P.R.Haynes.
2nd - 1 22/03/1980 at Abdali C.W.T.Pilcher.
3rd - 1 26/03/1986 at Sulaibikhat A.Tye, M.Shehab.
4th - 1 on 5/03/1992 at Jahra C.W.T.Pilcher.
5th - 1 on 2/03/1995 second-year photographed at Dibdibah G.Gregory et al.
6th - 1 on 15/03/1996 at Jahra C.W.T.Pilcher et al.
7th - 1 on 22/02/1998 at Wafra-Nuwaisib Road M.O.Chichester.
8th - 1 on 25/05/2006 second-year photographed at SAANR M.Al-Jeraiwi.
9th - 1 on 15/04/2014 at Jahra Pool Reserve, M Craig.
10th - 1 on 25/05/2015 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Neil Tovey.

Bonelli's Eagle Aquila fasciatus
Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.
HDC: one on all occasions.

Asian Shikra Accipiter (badius) cenchroides
Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 6 on 30/09/2016 at Al-Khuwaisat.

Levant Sparrowhawk Accipiter brevipes
Rare passage migrant and winter visitor. First records.

Eurasian Sparrowhawk Accipiter nisus
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 29 on 15/4/2006

Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis
Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 1 on many dates.

Western Marsh Harrier Circus aeruginosus
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 15 on 21/10/1994

Hen Harrier Circus cyaneus
Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 2 on 10/11/2011 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields..

Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus
Common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 35 on 21/9/2004

Montagu's Harrier Circus pygargus
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 35 on 08/04/2015 at Wafra Oil Field (No access)

Black Kite Milvus migrans
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: 3 on 13/09/2007

Black-eared Kite Milvus (migrans) lineatus
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 300 on 24/03/1966

White-tailed Eagle

White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla
Vagrant, three records.
1st - 1 on 25/11/2009 to 09/12/2009 first found at JEO by Ouda Al-Bathali.
2nd - 1 on 11/12/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Yousef Al-Failakawy, Faisal Al-Nomass.
3rd - 1 on 13/11/2015 at Failaka Island, M Al-Moshawah, A Al-Khamees.

Long-legged Buzzard Buteo rufinus
Scarce passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 10 on 10/12/2007

Steppe Buzzard Buteo buteo vulpinus
Common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 2000 on 23/9/2003

Macqueen's Bustard Chlamydotis macqueenii
Rare winter visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 30 on 06/03/1966

Water Rail Rallus aquaticus
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Uncommon resident. Has bred.
HDC 11 on 02/12/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Corncrake Crex crex
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 6 on 20/05/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Baillon's Crake Zapornia pusilla
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: 3 on 26/12/2008

Little Crake Zapornia parva
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 44 on 1/03/1995

Spotted Crake Porzana porzana
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Uncommon resident. Has bred.
HDC: 20 on 27/3/1987

Striped Crake

Striped Crake Aenigmatolimnas marginalis
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 01/01/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Ammar Al-Jeraiwi.

Grey-headed Swamphen Porphyrio (porphyrio) poliocephalus
Scarce resident. Breeds.
HDC: 25 on 27/10/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Common Moorhen Gallinula chloropus
Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 390 on 26/11/1993

Eurasian Coot Fulica atra
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 568 on 01/12/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Demoiselle Crane

Demoiselle Crane Grus virgo
Vagrant, 11 records.
1st - 4 on 05/01/1954 at Jahra R. Meinertzhagen, 4 on 08/01/1954 at Kadima P R Haynes.
2nd - 5 on 08/01/1974 P R Haynes.
3rd - 5 on 08/09/1977 at Kuwait City coast, P. R. Haynes.
4th - 9 on 17/3/1986 A. Tye M Shehab.
5th - 100 on 13/09/1996 at Al-Abraq, M Shehab, and 14 on 13/09/1996 at Jahra, S T Spencer, C W T Pilcher.
6th - 2 shot dead on 24/03/2000 at Ritqa, G Gregory (Hamad al-Baqr et al.)
7th - 2 on 19/03/2010 at North Doha, B Foster, P Fagel, B Somod, later 69 on 25/03/2010 at SAANR K Al-Nasrallah.
8th - 3 on 06/10/2012 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Homoud Al-Shayji.
9th - 1 on 12/09/2014 shot dead by a hunter at Gulf Road, reported by Abdulaziz Al-Yousef.
10th - 2 on 12/09/2015 at Jahra Pool Reserve, K Al Nasrallah.
11th - 7 on 18/09/2016 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen, Khaled Al-Ghanem.

Common Crane

Common Crane Grus grus
Vagrant, 9 records.
1st - 2 on 13/11/1987 at Jahra Pool Reserve C.W.T. Pilcher, M. Shehab and G. Gregory.
2nd - 1 on 30/12/2000 to 3/2001 at Sulaibikhat Bay by G. Rowlands, M.O. Chichester, S.T. Spencer and G. Gregory.
3rd - 1 on 18/01/2001 at Sulaibikhat S T Spencer, one on 19/01/2001 C Pilcher, S T Spencer. One on 08/02/2001 G Rowlands all at Sulaibikhat. Also two on 17/02/2001 shot dead by Khabari Al-Awazem Kuwaiti hunters as per K. Al-Nasrallah.
4th - 35 birds on 17/09/2009 at JEO by R. Al-Hajji.
5th - 5 on 13/01/2010 at SAANR by P Fagel.
6th - 1 on 27/03/2010 at SAANR by R Al-Hajji.
7th - 1 on 22/03/2011 at SAANR by P Fagel.
8th - 1 on 24/10/2011 at Pivot Fields, by M.Khorshed.
9th - 1 from 16/10/2016 to 20/10/2016 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Markus Craig.

Eurasian Stone-curlew Burhinus oedicnemus
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 8 on 30/09/1988

Eurasian Oystercatcher Haematopus ostralegus
Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter and summer visitor.
HDC: 250 on 6/4/1999

Crab-plover Dromas ardeola
Very common summer visitor. Common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 3000 breeding adults in 2004 in Bubiyan Island.

Black-winged Stilt Himantopus himantopus
Common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Uncommon summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 390 on 26/8/1999

Pied Avocet Recurvirostra avosetta
Uncommon passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 380 on 20/01/2015 at Sulaibikhat Bay.

Northern Lapwing Vanellus vanellus
Scarce passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 268 on 14/12/2007

Spur-winged Lapwing

Spur-winged Lapwing Vanellus spinosus
Vagrant, 15 records.
1st - 1 on 29/11/1958 at Ahmadi VAD Sales
2nd - 2 on 16/10/1992, 3 on 23/11/1992 at Jahra Bay M Shehab, ST Spencer, CWT Pilcher, B Wright.
3rd - 1 at Jahra Pool Reserve, 12-13/03/1996, P Jones, T Squire.
4th - 1 on 7/01/2000 at Jahra Bay S T Spencer, MO Chichester, J Gaskell.
5th - 1 on 6/06/2007 at JEO A.Al-Sirhan.
6th - 1 on 6/11/2007 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields A.Al-Surayea.
7th - 1 on 2/4/2008 at Pivot Fields by K de Rouck, D Collin, J Celis.
8th - 3 on 3/11/2008 at JEO by M.Khorshed.
9th - 1 on 22/04/2009 at JEO R Al-Hajji.
10th - 1 on 29/09/2011 at Jahra Pool Reserve, by Fahad Al-Khamis.
11th - 1 on 08/11/2012 at JEO by Rashed Al-Hajji.
12th - 1 on 16/05/2013 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Halima Bu Ghaith.
13th - 5 on 17/10/2013 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen.
14th - 2 on 03/03/2015 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen.
15th - 2 on 09/11/2015 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen.

Red-wattled Lapwing Vanellus indicus
Uncommon resident. Uncommon disperser in all seasons. Breeds.
HDC: 15 on several dates in January 2003.

Sociable Lapwing

Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius
Vagrant, 8 records.
1st - 1 on 19/03/1971 at Subiya Jack Webb.
2nd - 1 on 12/12/1999 at Bharat Ali M.Shehab.
3rd - 1 on 17/06-6/07/2000 at Mahboula JM Bishop.
4th - 3 on 30/12-31/12/2008 at Pivot Fields by A.Al-Sirhan et al.
5th - 1 on 08/11/2009 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields A Al-Suraye.
6th - 4 shot dead by bird shooters, at Ritqa on 13/03/2013 reported A. Al-Surayae.
7th - 2 shot dead by bird shooters at Ritqa on 18/02/2014 reported by Omar Al-Shaheen.
8th - 1 on 06/11/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve, by Ammar Al-Jeraiwi.

White-tailed Lapwing Vanellus leucurus
Uncommon passage migrant. Has bred.
HDC: 61 on 25/2/1999 at Quisat.

Eurasian Golden Plover

Eurasian Golden Plover Pluvialis apricaria
Vagrant, 10 records.
1st - 1 on 22/11/2007 at JEO R Al-Hajji.
2nd - 1 on 8/12/2007 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields by Kari Haataja, Vesa Jouhki, Pekka Fagel.
3rd - 2 on 29/12/2007 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields by A. Al-Sirhan, G. Brown et al.
4th - 9 on 12/1/2008 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields by P.Fagel, B.Foster, G.Brown
5th - 5 on 29/12/2008 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields by A.Al-Sirhan
6th - 1 on 01/11/2009 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields Humoud Al-Shayji.
7th - 2 on 03/01/2010 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields R Al-Hajji.
8th - 1 on 04/12/2010 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields B Foster, P Fagel.
9th - 1 on 15/07/2011 at Jahra East Outfall, by Mike Pope.
10th - 1 on 26/02/2012 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields by Khaled Al-Ghanem.

Pacific Golden Plover Pluvialis fulva
Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.
HDC: 8 on 19/04/2015 at Jahra East Outfall.

Grey Plover Pluvialis squatarola
Uncommon passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 1000 on 27/04/2007

Eurasian Dotterel Charadrius morinellus
Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.
HDC: 15 on 30/11/1962

Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: HDC: 275 on 16/04/2015 at Kadma Bay.

Little Ringed Plover Charadrius dubius
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce summer and winter visitor.
HDC: 20 on 15/3/2000

Kentish Plover Anarhynchus alexandrinus
Very common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 'Thousands' on 15/7/1958

Lesser Sand Plover Anarhynchus atrifrons
Common passage migrant. Common winter and summer visitor.
HDC: 3000 on 12/01/2008 at Doha.

Greater Sand Plover Anarhynchus leschenaultii
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Uncommon summer visitor. Has bred.
HDC: Several 'thousands' on 20/11/1965

Caspian Plover Anarhynchus asiaticus
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 168 on 15/3/2007

Eurasian Woodcock Scolopax rusticola
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 3 on several dates.

Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus
Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 10 on 9/10/1992

Great Snipe

Great Snipe Gallinago media
Vagrant, 11 records.
1st - 1 on 09/05/1957 at Ahmadi, Victor Sales.
2nd - 1 on 17/08/1961 at Ahmadi, Victor Sales .
3rd - 1 on 11/02/1972 at Ahmadi, Stanley Howe.
4th - 1 on 01/10/1972 at Um Aish, Stanley Howe and SD.
5th - 1 on 08-13/03/1980 at Doha Prison, WAS.
6th - 8 on 22/10/1982 at Jahra, Charles Pilcher.
7th - 1 on 04/04/1986 at Al-Abraq, Charles Pilcher.
8th - 1 on 22/02/1987 at Judailiat, Alan Tye.
9th - 1 on 25/09/1987 at Khuwaisat, Charles Pilcher, George Gregory, Mahmoud Shehab.
10th - 1 on 04/05/2009 at Jahra Farms, Rashed Al-Hajji.
11th - 1 on 13/04/2015 at JahraPools Reserve, Markus Craig.

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago
Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 63 0n 28/10/2015 at Jahra East Outfall.

Black-tailed Godwit Limosa limosa
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 40 on 05/09/2012 at Jahra East Outfall.

Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica
Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter and summer visitor.
HDC: 2000 on 16/4/1999

Little Curlew

Little Curlew Numenius minutus
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 12-29/12/2007 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields, Abdulmohsen Al-Surayae.

Eurasian Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus
Common passage migrant. Rare winter and summer visitor.
HDC: 123 on 29/04/2005

Eurasian Curlew Numenius arquata
Common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor. Common summer visitor.
HDC: 1500 on 6/04/1999

Green Sandpiper Tringa ochropus
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 18 on 28/08/1999

Common Redshank Tringa totanus
Very common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 1037 on 20/01/2015 at Sulaibikhat Bay.

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis
Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 63 on 28/03/2000

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola
Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 482 on 06/05/2005

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia
Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 110 on 20/01/2015 at Jahra East Outfall.

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus
Scarce passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 14 on 07/11/2014 at Jahra East Outfall.

Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 1000 on 07/02/1964

Common Sandpiper Actitis hypoleucos
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter and summer visitor.
HDC: 100 on 10/04/1959

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres
Common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 1000 on 24/04/2007 at Doha.

Sanderling Calidris alba
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: Several 'thousands' on 07/02/1964

Little Stint Calidris minuta
Very common passage migrant. Common winter and summer visitor.
HDC: 2200 on 18/01/2015 at Jahra East Outfall.

Dunlin Calidris alpina
Common passage migrant and winter visitor. Uncommon summer visitor.
HDC: 12969 on 06/11/2014 on Sulaibikhat Bay.

Pectoral Sandpiper

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 05/10/2011 at Pivot Fields, by R.Al-Hajji.

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea
Common passage migrant and summer visitor.
HDC: 2000 on 26/04/2008

Temminck's Stint Calidris temminckii
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
40 on 22/02/2014 at Sulaibikhat Club.

Great Knot Calidris tenuirostris
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 19 on 24/03/2004

Red Knot

Red Knot Calidris canutus
Vagrant, 6 records.
1st - 1 on 26/07/1962 at Kuwait Bay VAD Sales.
2nd - 1 on 02/06/2011 at Jahra East Outfall, by Rashed Al-Hajji.
3rd - 1 on 07/08/2014 at JPR by Rashed Al-Hajji.
4th - 1 on 19/11/2015 at JEO by K Haataja, H Palojärvi.
5th - 2 on 18/04/2016 at JPR by Markus Craig and German visitors.
6th - 2 on 04/05/2016 at JPR by Neil Tovey.

Broad-billed Sandpiper Limicola falcinellus
Uncommon winter visitor. Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 500 on 21/04/2005 at Doha Spit.

Ruff Philomachus pugnax
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor Common summer visitor.
HDC: 156 on 27/04/2006

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 222 on 29/04/2015 at Kadma Bay.

Grey Phalarope

Grey Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius
Vagrant, 9 records.
1st - 1 on 10/1994 at Jahra Pool Reserve by G. Gregory, S.T. Spencer and C.W.T. Pilcher.
2nd - 3 on 23/04/2007 at Jahra East Outfall by Graeme Joynt, Colin Dodsworth et al.
3rd - 1 was on 05/06/2008 at JEO by Khaled Al-Ghanem.
4th - 1 on 29/04/2009 at Jahra East Outfall, Rashed Al-Hajji.
5th - 1 on 28/05/2013 at Jahra East Outfall, Rashed Al-Hajji.
6th - 1 on 22/06/2013 at Jahra East Outfall, Rashed Al-Hajji.
7th - 1 on 02/09/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve, K Al-Khanem.
8th - 1 on 28/02/2015 at Entertainment City, A.Al-Sirhan.
9th - 2 on 16/04/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Markus Craig.

Cream-coloured Courser Cursorius cursor
Common disperser in spring, summer and autumn. Breeds.
HDC: 161 on 15/07/1956

Collared Pratincole Glareola pratincola
Common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 200 on 27/04/2006

Oriental Pratincole

Oriental Pratincole Glareola maldivarum
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 2 on 25/03/2008 at Pivot Fields A Al-Sirhan.

Black-winged Pratincole Glareola nordmanni
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 156 on 20/4/2008

Black-legged Kittiwake

Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla
Vagrant, one record.
1st 1- on 19/03/1991 off Mina Saud T.Tafforeau.

Sabine's Gull

Sabine's Gull Xema sabini
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 31/07/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Mike Pope and Neil Tovey.

Slender-billed Gull Chroicocephalus genei
Abundant passage migrant. Common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 20000 on several dates.

Common Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus
Abundant passage migrant. Abundant winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 5530 on 20/11/2014 and 04/12/2014 at Sulaibikhat Bay.

Little Gull

Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus
Vagrant, 7 records.
1st - 5 on 17/08/1961 at Ahmadi V.A.D.Sales.
2nd - 1 on 26/02-19/04/1978 W A Stuart, P R Haynes.
3rd - 1 on 01-15/04/1979 at Messila W A Stuart.
4th - 1 on 5/06/2000 at Shuwaikh P.Cowan.
5th - 1 on 23/02/2006 second-year photographed at Jahra East Outfall B.Foster.
6th - 1 on 01/04/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, M Craig.
7th - 1 on 28/10/2015 at Abu Al Hasaniya, O Al-Shaheen.

Franklin's Gull

Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 05/06/2012 at Jahra East Outfall by Rashed Al-Hajji.

Mediterranean Gull

Mediterranean Gull Ichthyaetus melanocephalus
Vagrant, 6 records.
1st - 1 on 17/02/1961 Kuwait Bay V A D Sales.
2nd - 1 on 23/04/1982 Ras Salmiya C W T Pilcher.
3rd - 1 on 10/02/1989 second-year at Jahra Pool Reserve G.Gregory, C W T Pilcher, M Shehab.
4th - 1 on 02/03/1995 an adult at Doha Harbour G.Gregory et al.
5th - 1 on 28/01/2000 an adult at Fahaheel Sea Club J.Gaskell.
6th - 1 on 02/02/2012 at Green Island by P Fagel and Robert Swan.

Great Black-headed Gull Ichthyaetus ichthyaetus
Uncommon passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 542 on 12/03/2001

Common Gull Larus canus
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 16 on 11/02/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Caspian Gull Larus cachinnans
Very common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor.
HDC: 27 on 25/12/2014 at Kadma Bay.

Armenian Gull Larus armenicus
Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 20 on 08/12/2007

Baltic Gull Larus fuscus
Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 15 on 16/11/2014 at Sulaibikhat Bay.

Heuglin's Gull Larus (fuscus/heuglini) heuglini
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 265 on 04/12/2014 at Sulaibikhat Bay.

Steppe Gull Larus (fuscus/heuglini) barabensis
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 616 on 04/09/2014 at Sulaibikhat Bay.

Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica
Very common summer visitor. Common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 1600 breeding adults on 25/03/2004

Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia
Common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 300 breeding adults on 11/07/1958

Greater Crested Tern Thalasseus bergii
Common summer visitor. Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 1200 breeding adults on 15/04/2004

Lesser Crested Tern Thalasseus bengalensis
Common summer visitor. Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 600 breeding adults on 19/6/2001.

Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 200 on 29/01/2007

Little Tern Sternula albifrons
Common passage migrant. Common summer visitor. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 300 on 10/04/1959

Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus
Very common summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 4400 on 15/05/2003 breeding adults at Kubbar Island.

Common Tern Sterna hirundo
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 514 on 28/10/2015 at Abu Al-Hasaniya.

White-cheeked Tern Sterna repressa
Very common summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 4000 breeding adults at Kubbar Island on several dates.

Arctic Tern

Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea
Vagrant, 7 records.
1st - 1 on 26/05/1995 at Jahra Bay S T Spencer, C W T Pilcher.
2nd - 1 on 22/05/2005 photographed at Jahra East Outfall, A.Al-Sirhan.
3rd - 5 on 12/06/2006 four adults and one first summer at Jahra East Outfall A.Al-Sirhan.
4th - 1 on 27/06/2009 at Jahra Pool Reserve Rashed Al-Hajji.
5th - 1 on 03/06/2011 at Jahra Pool Reserve,by Rashed Al-Hajji.
6th - 2 on 13/06/2015 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen.
7th - 1 on 30/07/2016 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Neil Tovey and Mike Pope.

Whiskered Tern Chlidonias hybrida
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 44 on 12/01/2016 at Sulaibikhat Bay.

White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 2300 on 27/04/2006

Black Tern

Black Tern Chlidonias niger
Vagrant, 16 records.
1st - 1 on 11/06/2005 at Jahra East Outfall by A. Al-Sirhan.
2nd - 1 on 04/06/2006 at South Doha Reserve by A. Al-Sirhan.
3rd - 1 on 06/06/2007 at JEO by A. Al-Sirhan and R. Al-Hajji.
4th - 1 on 03/08/2007 at Sulaibikhat Bay by M.Pope.
5th - 1 on 07/12/2007 at Sulaibikhat Bay by P. Fagel and a Finish Group.
6th - 1 on 10/06/2008 at JEO R Al-Hajji.
7th - 1 on 21/06/2008 at JEO R Al-Hajji.
8th - 1 on 23/08/2008 at Sulaibikhat Club by A.Al-Sirhan.
9th - 1 on 30/11/2008 at JEO R Al-Hajji.
10th - 1 on 24/06/2009 at JEO R Al-Hajji.
11th - 1 on 04/07/2009 at JEO R Al-Hajji.
12th - 1 on 29/05/2013 at JEO A Al-Sirhan and R Al-Hajji.
13th - 1 on 10/06/2014 at JEO, Mohd Khorshed.
14th - 1 on 25/07/2014 at JEO O Al-Shaheen.
15th - 1 on 04/10/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserves, Ammar Al-Juraiwi.
16th - 1 on 24/07/2016 at Jahra Pools Reserves, Omar Al-Shaheen.

Pomarine Skua Stercorarius pomarinus
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 20 on 20/07/2015 at Kuwait Bay.

Arctic Skua Stercorarius parasiticus
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 50 on 21/08/1989

Long-tailed Skua

Long-tailed Skua Stercorarius longicaudus
Vagrant, 4 records.
1st - 1 on 27/05/1994 at Doha S T Spencer, C W T Pilcher.
2nd - 1 on 01/07/2009 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Humoud Al-Shayji.
3rd - 1 on 30/05/2011 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Mohammed Khorshed.
4th - 1 on 01/07/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen.

Black-bellied Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes orientalis
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 21 on 30/11/1984

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse

Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes exustus
Vagrant, 3 records.
1st - 3 captured alive out of about 30 photographed at Ratqa on one Friday in February 1999 (S.Al-Awadhi et al.)
2nd - 1 on 4/03/2005 female photographed at Sabah Al-Salem P Fagel, B Foster, A Bailey, G.Gregory.
3rd - 1 on 05/01/2007 at Sabah Al-Salem, Samira Al-Khalifa.

Spotted Sandgrouse Syrrhaptes senegallus
Rare winter visitor and passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 'Hundreds' of breeding pairs from March to July 1994 to 2000.

Pin-tailed Sandgrouse Pterocles alchata
Rare winter visitor and passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 900 on 02/04/1968

Feral Pigeon Columba livia forma domestica
Abundant resident. Breeds.
HDC: 'Thousands' on many dates.

Stock Dove

Western Stock Dove Columba oenas
Vagrant, 9 records.
1st - 1 in March 1998 at Jaber Al-Ali Farm M.Shehab.
2nd - 1 on 15/10/1998 at Jahra Pool Reserve S T Spencer.
3rd - 1 on 30/11/2004 at Umm Al-Aish G Gregory.
4th - 1 on 19/11/2008 at JEO M Khorshed.
5th - 1 on 01/01/2009 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields, P Fagel.
6th - 1 on 14/11/2009 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields, Richard Saval.
7th - 1 on 01/11/2010 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields, P Fagel.
8th - 1 on 20/11/2010 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields, AbdulMoshen Al-Suraye.
9th - 1 on 21/11/2015 at JPR, Ouda Al-Bathali.

Common Woodpigeon Columba palumbus
Scarce disperser in winter spring and autumn.
HDC: 48 on 27/10/2007

European Turtle Dove Streptopelia turtur
Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 480 on 27/4/1958

Rufous Turtle Dove

Rufous Turtle Dove Streptopelia (orientalis) meena
Vagrant, 14 records.
1st - 2 birds at Ahmadi on 06/0 6/1956 by VAD Sales.
2nd - 1 shot bird on 1/10/2001 K Al-Nasrallah G Gregory.
3rd - 1 on 12/04/2002 shot and identified by hunters (they had their own field guides according to G. Gregory).
4th - 1 on 17/09/2004, by G gregory, A Bailey, B Foster.
5th - 1 on 21/09/2004 at Bubiyan Island.
6th - 1 on 1/11/2008 at Al-Abraq by A.Al-Sirhan,R.Al-Hajji
7th - 1 on 06/11/2009 Abdulmohsen Al-Suraye, one on 30/11/2009 Mohed Khorshed both at Pivot Fields.
8th - 1 on 14/10/2010 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Mohd Khorshed.
9th - 1 on 17/10/2010 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields by R Al-Hajji.
10th - 1 on 05/03/2011 at Jahra Farms by Brian Foster and Mike Pope.
11th - 1 on 19/11/2011 at Jahra Farms by Mike Pope.
12th - 1 on 09/10/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen.
13th - 1 on 30/09/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Mohd Khorshed.
14th - 1 on 02/11/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Ahmed Salem.

Eurasian Collared Dove Streptopelia decaocto
Common resident. Uncommon disperser in spring and autumn. Breeds.
HDC: 800 on 15/01/2007

African Collared Dove Streptopelia roseogrisea
Rare disperser in spring and autumn.
HDC: 9 on 06/02/2002

Laughing Dove Spilopelia senegalensis
Abundant resident. Breeds.
HDC: 300 on many dates.

Namaqua Dove Oena capensis
Uncommon resident. Scarce disperser in spring and autumn. Breeds.
HDC: 60 on 05/10/2016 at Abdali Farms

Great Spotted Cuckoo Clamator glandarius
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 2 on several dates.

Asian Koel

Asian Koel Eudynamys scolopaceus
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 22/02/2009 at Abdali Farms, Ouda Al-Bathali.

Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 8 on 21/04/2016 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Western Barn Owl Tyto alba
Scarce disperser in all seasons. Breeds.
HDC: 5 on 08/07/2016 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields.

Pallid Scops Owl

Pallid Scops Owl Otus brucei
Vagrant, 15 records.
1st - 1 on 04/03/2004 at Tulha, SAANR K Al-Nasrallah.
2nd - 1 on 20/02/2005 at Tulha, SAANR, A. Al-Sirhan.
3rd - 1 on 24/10/2006 photographed at SAANR K Al-Nasrallah, B Foster, M Pope.
4th - 1 on 06/01/2007 at Green Island by M Pope.
5th - 1 on 28/02/2009 at Jahra M Kaoiwi, M Pope.
6th - 1 on 18/11/2012 at Shuwaikh Park, by Halima Bu Khaith.
7th - 1 on 30/10/2013 at Jahra Pool Resrve, by Saleh Al-Sulaihim.
8th - 1 on 07/11/2013 at Jal Al Zour, by Bouke Atema.
9th - 1 on 02/01/2014 at Al-Abraq, A.Al-Sirhan, G. Brown.
10th - 1 on 23/10/2014 at Al-Abraq, H Bouresli, M Khorshed.
11th - 1 on 07/12/2014 at Um Niqqa Farms, Khalaf Al-Fahad.
12th - 1 on 30/01/2015 at Green Island, Neil Tovey.
13th - 1 on 03/02/2015 at Al Abraq, M Craig.
14th - 1 on 05/02/2015 at Al Liyah, A Al-Jeraiwi and O Al-Shaheen.
15th - 1 on 15/10/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, M Craig.

Eurasian Scops Owl Otus scops
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 8 on 24/10/2006 at SAANR

Pharaoh Eagle Owl Bubo ascalaphus
Rare resident. Breeds.
HDC: 13 on 28/06/2016 at Wafra Oil Fields (No Access).

Lilith Owlet Athene (noctua) lilith
Scarce resident. Breeds.
HDC: 5 on 04/01/2001

Long-eared Owl

Long-eared Owl Asio otus
Vagrant, 7 records.
1st - 1 on 27/12/1994 found dead at Um Erimam Farm S T Spencer.
2nd - 1 on 18/01 to 8/02/1985 at Umm Al-Aish, by CWT Pilcher, M Shehab.
3rd - 1 on 06/01/2001 photographed at Jahra Pool Reserve K Al-Ghanem.
4th - 1 on 26/12/2001 found about two months dead photographed at Sabriya Farm, G.Gregory, A.Bailey, K.Al-Nasrallah.
5th - 2 on 05/12/2014 at Al-Abraq, K Al-Ghanem.
6th - 1 on 05/12/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve, by Abdullatif Asiri.
7th - 1 on 01/03/2016 at Al-Abraq, by Omar Al-Shaheen.

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 9 on 18/02/1983

European Nightjar Caprimulgus europaeus
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 6 on 07/05/1961

Egyptian Nightjar Caprimulgus aegyptius
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon summer visitor. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 30 on on 23/09/2015 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields.

Alpine Swift Tachymarptis melba
Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 8 on 31/08/1973

Common Swift Apus apus
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 200 on several dates.

Pallid Swift Apus pallidus
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 520 on 15/01/2007

Little Swift Apus affinis
Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.
HDC: 2 on 16-18/03/2008

Indian Roller Coracias benghalensis
Scarce disperser in autumn, winter and spring.
HDC: 2 on 12/11/2008

European Roller Coracias garrulus
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: 42 on 13/08/2015 at Al-Abraq.

White-throated Kingfisher Halcyon smyrnensis
Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce resident. Breeds.
HDC: 9 on 03/11/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Common Kingfisher Alcedo atthis
Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 7 on 21/09/2013 at Jahra Pool Reserve.

Pied Kingfisher Ceryle rudis
Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor
HDC: 17 on 17/12/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Blue-cheeked Bee-eater Merops persicus
Abundant passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 1000 on 02/05/1964

European Bee-eater Merops apiaster
Abundant passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 1000 on many dates.

Eurasian Hoopoe Upupa epops
Common passage migrant.
HDC: 63 on 10/03/2014 Al-Salmi and Al-Abraq.

Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor
HDC: 9 on 24/04/1966

Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni Common passage migrant. Rare winter and summer visitor.
HDC: Tens of 'thousands' during the end of March and April from 1929 to 1969.
Current HDC: 117 on 02/04/2014 at Kabd Reserve.

Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Scarce resident. breeds.
HDC: 150 on 7/4/1995.

Red-footed Falcon

Red-footed Falcon Falco vespertinus
Vagrant, 3 records.
1st - 1 found dead on 9/5/2002 G. Gregory & H. Merlet.
2nd - 1 on 10/05/2009 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields, R. Al-Hajji.
3rd - 1 on 10/10/2016 at Al-Abraq, R. Al-Hajji.

Amur Falcon

Amur Falcon Falco amurensis
Vagrant, 2 records.
1st - 1 on 29/05/2010 at SAANR by Mohd Khorshed.
2nd - 1 on 13/05/2012 at Jahra East Outfall by Rashed Al-Hajji.

Sooty Falcon

Sooty Falcon Falco concolor
Vagrant, 13 records.
1st - 1 on 28/03/1987 at Sulaibikhat Bay by Charles Pilcher
2nd - 1 on 10/05/1994 at Abu Halifa by Bryon Wright.
3rd - 1 on 21/04/1999 at Jahra Pool Area found by Khaled Al-Nasrallah
4th - 1 on 24/04/2000 at Bneid Al-Gar by Charles Pilcher
5th - 2 on 20/04/2002 at Jabria by Charles Pilcher.
6th - 1 on 19/06/2002 at Shuwaikh by Musaad Al-Saleh
7th - 1 on 29/04/2004 on a wrecked ship off at Bubiyan Island by R. Loughland, J. Dashti, G. Gregory, S. Al-Dosary
8th - 1 on 31/05/2004 at Fintas by George Gregory.
9th - 1 on 08/10/2004 at Jahra Farms by B Foster and G Gregory.
10th - 1 on 09/10/2010 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Mike Pope.
11th -1 on 13/10/2013 at Khuwaisat by Khaled Al-Nasrallah.
12th -1 on 21/08/2015 at Mutla'a Ranch, M Pope, M Craig.
13th -1 on 07/10/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve, O Al Shaheen, A Al Juraiwi.

Merlin Falco columbarius
Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 15 on 05/02/1993

Eurasian Hobby Falco subbuteo
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 10 on 27/4/2001

Lanner Falcon Falco biarmicus
Rare disperser in autumn, winter and spring.
HDC: one on several occasions.

Saker Falcon Falco cherrug
Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: one on many dates.

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus
Rare disperser in all seasons. Rare resident.
HDC: 2 on 29/10/1989

Barbary Falcon

Barbary Falcon Falco pelegrinoides
Vagrant, 5 records.
1st - 1 on 19/5/2001 M. Shihab.
2nd - 1 on 17/6/2005 B. Foster & A. Bailey.
3rd - 1 on 24/12/2007 at Kuwait Towers J.Fagefors et al.
4th - 1 on 22/01/2010 at Jahra Pool Reserve P Fagel.
5th - 1 on 18/03/2014 at Sabhan, Saad Al-Nouri.

Rose-ringed Parakeet Psittacula krameri (Category C)
Uncommon resident. Has bred.
HDC: 250 on many dates.

Red-backed Shrike Lanius collurio
Very common passage migrant. Rare winter and summer visitor.
HDC: 1000 to 2000 on each day from 12-18/05/1966.

Daurian Shrike Lanius isabellinus
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 42 on 12/04/2014 at Al-Khiran.

Turkestan Shrike Lanius phoenicuroides
Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 26 on 09/03/2014 at Al-Nuwaiseeb.

Long-tailed Shrike

Long-tailed Shrike Lanius schach
Vagrant, 2 records.
1st - 1 on 07/10/2004 at Jahra Pool Reserve K Al-Ghanem.
2nd - 1 on 14/10/2006 at Sulaibikhat Reserve by Hussain Al-Qallaff stayed untill 09/04/2007, then from 03/11/2007 at Sulaibikhat Reserve by P Fagel to 12/04/2008 when last seen by 4 Finnish birders.

Lesser Grey Shrike Lanius minor
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 60 on 03/05/2008

Mauryan Grey Shrike Lanius lahotra pallidirostris
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 62 on 10/03/2014 at Al-Salmi and Al-Abraq.

Arabian Grey Shrike

Arabian Grey Shrike Lanius aucheri
Vagrant, 3 records.
1st - 1 on 02/11/2003 at Sulaibikhat Bay, by A.Al-Sirhan.
2nd - 1 on 09/08/2009 at Khiran Area by R. Al-Hajji.
3rd - 1 juvenile, on 15/06/2013 at Jahra East Outfall by Omar Al-Shaheen.

Woodchat Shrike Lanius senator
Uncommon passage migrant. Has bred.
HDC: 20 on 15/03/2000

Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus
Common passage migrant. Rare winter and summer visitor.
HDC: 34 on 13/04/2007

Eurasian Golden Oriole Oriolus oriolus
Common passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 20 on several dates between 1952 and 1968.

Black Drongo

Black Drongo Edolius macrocercus
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 19/11/2015 close to Salmy, Sheikh Sabah Al-Sabah, Omar Al-Shaheen.

Ashy Drongo

Ashy Drongo Edolius leucophaeus
Vagrant, 3 records.
1st - 1 on 03/04/2010 at Jahra Farms, Hans Rudhe, Olle Karlsson and Pekka Fagel.
2nd - 2 on 07/12/2010 at Jahra Farms, Pekka Fagel and Brian Foster. It was last seen on 27/12/2010.
3rd - 1 on 05/02/3013 at Fintas Park by Nicola Hulet

House Crow Corvus splendens (Category C)
Uncommon resident. Scarce disperser in all seasons. Breeds.
HDC: 18 on 16/12/2001

Rook

Rook Corvus frugilegus
Vagrant, 3 records.
1st - 1 on 30/03/1955 V A D Sales.
2nd - 1 on 25/05/1963 V A D Sales.
3rd - 1 on 22/12/2006 to 05/01/2007 at Shuwaikh Port, A Al-Sirhan.

Hooded Crow

Hooded Crow Corvus cornix
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 1 on 10/06/2014 at Kubbar Island, A Vidalis, S Zoogaris.
2nd - 1 on 07/02/2015 at Jahra Pols Reserve, M Craig.

Mesopotamian Crow

Mesopotamian Crow Corvus (cornix) capellanus
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 1 on 23/10/2012 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Khaled Al-Ghanem.
2nd - 1 on 28/09/2013 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Yousef Al-Failakawi.

Brown-necked Raven Corvus ruficollis
Scarce disperser in winter and spring. Has bred.
HDC: 3 on 09/03/1982

Hypocolius Hypocolius ampelinus
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 100 on 14/11/2013 at Green Island.

Sombre Tit

Sombre Tit Poecile lugubris
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 in September 2009 photographed on Gulf Road opposite Salwa Willem Scheepers.

Great Tit

Great Tit Parus major
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 12/04/2006 at Green Island T Frandsen, A Hagerman, J Hansen, M Poulsen.

Eurasian Penduline Tit Remiz pendulinus
Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 28 on 22/08/2013 at SAANR and Wafra.

Greater Hoopoe-Lark Alaemon alaudipes
Common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 31 on 22/08/2013 at Wafra Farms and SAANR.

Thick-billed Lark

Thick-billed Lark Ramphocoris clotbey
Vagrant, 7 records. Has bred.
1st - 2 on 20/02/1978, 5-10/03/1978, 30/06-7/07/1978 at Al-Batin P R Haynes, Leon Corrall.
2nd - 2 on 15/01/1979 at Al-Batin, by P R Haynes, 20/04/1979 at Al-Batin by W A Stuart, C W T Pilcher.
3rd - 2 on 11/02/1983 at Al-Salmi CWT Pilcher.
4th - 4 on 25/01/1985 to 1/02/1985 CWT Pilcher, M Shehab, B Wright.
5th - 7 on 8/03, 22/03, 29/03/2002 Al-Salmi CWT Pilcher, ST Spencer where on 29/03/2002 a nest with 4 eggs was found. First breeding record.
6th - 2 on 08/03/2005 G Gregory, 10/03/2005 A Al-Sirhan both at Al-Salmi.
7th - 2 on 19/08/2014 at Abduliyah KOC Reserve, H Al-Shayji.

Calandra Lark

Calandra Lark Melanocorypha calandra
Vagrant, 2 records.
1st - 2 on 06/11/1998 at Shaab J.Gaskell.
2nd - 1 on 15/11/2007 photographed at Jahra East Outfall R Al-Hajji.

Bimaculated Lark Melanocorypha bimaculata
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 63 on 06/03/2015 at Al-Abraq East.

Bar-tailed Lark Ammomanes cinctura
Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 144 on 11/11/2016 at Al-Abraq Police Station.

Desert Lark Ammomanes deserti
Uncommon resident. Has bred.
HDC: 15 on 12/03/2016 at Al-Salmi.

Greater Short-toed Lark Calandrella brachydactyla
Abundant passage migrant. Common summer and winter visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 3000 on 10/03/2000

Lesser Short-toed Lark Alaudala rufescens
Very common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor. Uncommon summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 550 on 07/03/2002

Dunn's Lark Eremalauda dunni
Rare resident. Breeds.
HDC: 15 on 30/03/2008

Crested Lark Galerida cristata
Very common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 1000 on 03/07/1953

Woodlark Lullula arborea
Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.
HDC: 9 on 8-10/02/1983

Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis
Common winter visitor.
HDC: 2000 on 14/12/2007

Oriental Skylark Alauda gulgula
Scarce disperser in autumn, winter and spring.
HDC: 15 on 02/12/2005

Black-crowned Sparrow-Lark Eremopterix nigriceps
Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 425 on 26/06/2014 at Abdiliya Reserve.

Temminck's Lark Eremophila bilopha
Uncommon disperser in autumn, winter and spring. Breeds.
HDC: 35 on 09/12/2005

White-eared Bulbul Pycnonotus leucotis (Category C)
Very common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 120 on 30/01/2015 at Green Island.

Red-vented Bulbul Pycnonotus cafer (Category C)
Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 8 on 27/11/2016 at Green Island.

Sand Martin Riparia riparia
Very common passage migrant. Uncommon summer and winter visitor.
HDC: Several thousand on several dates between 1952 and 1968.

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica
Abundant passage migrant. Common winter and summer visitor.
HDC: 10000 on 21/04/2008

Eurasian Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne rupestris
Scarce passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 30 on 14/04/1997

Pale Crag Martin

Pale Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne obsoleta
Vagrant, 9 records.
1st - 3 at Kuwait City on 23/05/1973 E Grieve.
2nd - 1 on 25/02/1974 near Jal Al Zour PR Haynes.
3rd - 2 on 07/01/1987 CWT Pilcher, M Shehab.
4th - 2 at Khiran on 4/04/1999 H-M.Busch, J Rathberger-Knan, W Bindl.
5th - 1 at Jal Az-Zor on 25/12/2001 ST Spencer.
6th - 1 at Jahra East Outfall on 5/12/2004 G.Gregory.
7th - 1 on 28/03/2008 at Al-Abraq by P.Fagel
8th - 1 on 09/04/2011 at SAANR by B Foster and Andrew Livermore.
9th - 2 on 14/01/2015 at Jal Al Zour by Omar Al-Shaheen and then another one on 25/01/2015 by Ahmed Jamal.

Common House Martin Delichon urbicum
Very common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 1000 on several dates.

Red-rumped Swallow Cecropis daurica
Common passage migrant.
HDC: 60 on 19/03/2011 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields.

Streak-throated Swallow

Streak-throated Swallow Petrochelidon fluvicola
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 1 on 06/12/2013 at Jahra Pool Reserve, by Dennis O'Sullivan et al.
2nd - 2 on 14/04/2014 at Jahra Pool Reserve, Birdfinder Group.

Cetti's Warbler Cettia cetti
Scarce passage migrant and winter visitor.
5 on 15/11/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus
Abundant passage migrant.
HDC: 150 in April 1993

Common Chiffchaff Phylloscopus collybita
Abundant passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 500 on 09/04/1989

Caucasian Chiffchaff Phylloscopus lorenzii
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 7 on 15/11/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Plain Leaf Warbler

Plain Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus neglectus
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 15/04/2015 at Muta'a Ranch, Markus Craig.

Eastern Bonelli's Warbler

Eastern Bonelli's Warbler Phylloscopus orientalis
Vagrant, 2 records.
1st - 2 on 12/08/2008 at Jahra Farm P Fagel.
2nd - 1 on 31/08/2012 at Jahra Pool Reserve, by Rashed Al-Hajji.

Wood Warbler Phylloscopus sibilatrix
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 3 on several dates.

Dusky Warbler

Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus
Vagrant, 2 record.
1st - 1 on 29/10/2009 at Jahra Farms P Fagel.
2nd - 1 on 13/11/2010 at Al-Abraq B Foster, P Fagel.

Yellow-browed Warbler Phylloscopus inornatus
Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 2 on 26/09/1986

Hume's Leaf Warbler

Hume's Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus humei
Vagrant, 7 records.
1st - 1 on 8/12/1995 at Jahra Farms, G. Gregory.
2nd - 1 on 28/12/2008 at Al-Abraq, K.De Rouck, D.Collin, J.Celis.
3rd - 2 on 20/11/2010 at Al-Abraq, M Pope et al.
4th - 1 on 03/12/2011 at Rawdatain, Pekka Fagel.
5th - 1 on 03/12/2014 at Al-Abraq, O Al-Shaheen, H Al-Shayji.
6th - 1 on 05/11/2015 at Al-Abraq, A Al-Sirhan.
7th - 1 on 17/11/2015 at Mutla'a Ranch, P Fagel.

Green Warbler Phylloscopus nitidus
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 2 on 30/04/1997

Basra Reed Warbler Acrocephalus griseldis
Common passage migrant. Uncommon summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 23 on 13/04/1997

Great Reed Warbler Acrocephalus arundinaceus
Common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 40 on several dates in May 1961

Indian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus (stentoreus) brunnescens
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce resident.
HDC: 15 on 10/03/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Moustached Warbler Acrocephalus melanopogon
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 40 on many dates from 1985 to 1988.

Sedge Warbler Acrocephalus schoenobaenus
Common passage migrant.
HDC: 130 on 11/5/1995

Paddyfield Warbler

Paddyfield Warbler Acrocephalus agricola
Vagrant, 4 records.
1st - 1 on 26/08/2012 at Jahra Pools Reserve by Rashed Al-Hajji.
2nd - 1 on 30/10/2013 at Jahra East Outfall by A. Al-Sirhan.
3rd - 1 on 25/08/2014 at Jahra East Outfall, R Al-Hajji.
4th - 1 on 09/09/2014 at Al-Abraq, H Bouresli.

Blyth's Reed Warbler

Blyth's Reed Warbler Acrocephalus dumetorum
Vagrant, 3 records.
1st - 1 on 15/07/1971 at Ahmadi, netted, measured and identified by S Howe.
2nd - 1 on 19/08/1971 at Ahmadi netted, measured and identified by S Howe.
3rd - 1 on 15/09/2012 at Sabah Al-Ahmad Nature Reserve, by Rashed Al-Hajji.

Caspian Reed Warbler Acrocephalus (scirpaceus) fuscus
Very common passage migrant. Common summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 189 on 11/05/1995

Marsh Warbler Acrocephalus palustris
Common passage migrant.
HDC: 60 on 10/05/1997

Booted Warbler

Booted Warbler Iduna caligata
Vagrant, 4 records.
1st - 1 on 02/09/2006 at SAANR by A.Al-Sirhan.
2nd - 1 on 27/08/2012 at Jaha East Outfall by Rashed Al-Hajji.
3rd - 1 on 28/08/2012 at SAANR Rashed Al-Hajji.
4th - 1 on 15/08/2013 at SAANR by R Al-Hajji and Mike Pope.

Sykes's Warbler Iduna rama
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: 5 on 06/09/1985

Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Iduna pallida
Common passage migrant. Uncommon summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 40 on 21/04/2007

Upcher's Warbler Hippolais languida
Uncommon passage migrant. Common summer visitor.
HDC: 50 on 07/05/2013 at Kabd Reserve.

Olive-tree Warbler

Olive-tree Warbler Hippolais olivetorum
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 14/09/1972 found dead and photographed at Umm Al-Aish, S.Howe.

Icterine Warbler Hippolais icterina
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 5 on 05/05/1961

Eastern Grasshopper Warbler Locustella (naevia) straminea
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 3 on 10/04/1965

River Warbler Locustella fluviatilis
Rare passage migrant.
HDC: 5 on 12/05/1966

Savi's Warbler Locustella luscinioides
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 8 on 08/08/2015.

Zitting Cisticola

Zitting Cisticola Cisticola juncidis
Vagrant, 6 records.
1st - 2 from 19/01/1979 to 9/03/1979, L Corrall, W A Stuart.
2nd - 1 on 1-18/01/1980 at Jahra Pool Reserve W A Stuart, M Shehab.
3rd - 1 on 16/11/1984 at Jahra Pool Reserve C W T Pilcher.
4th - 1 on 18/03/1988 trapped at Al-Abraq G Gregory, C W T Pilcher, M Shehab.
5th - 1 on 02/03/1990 at Jahra Pool Reserve C W T Pilcher.
6th - 1 on 28/11/2013 at Al-Abraq, by M Pope and Markus Craig.

Graceful Prinia Prinia gracilis
Common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 44 on 11/02/2015 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

Afghan Babbler Turdoides (caudata) huttoni
Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 15 on 10/01/2014 at Abdali.

Eurasian Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla
Common passage migrant. Rare winter and summer visitor.
HDC: 100 on several dates in spring 1956.

Garden Warbler Sylvia borin
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 1000 on 12-13/05/1966

Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 30 on 03/10/1966

Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca
Common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 35 on 08/04/2015 at Mutla'a Ranch.

Desert Whitethroat Sylvia minula
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: unknown.

Hume's Whitethroat Sylvia althaea
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: unknown.

Central Asian Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia (althaea) halimodendri
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: unknown.

Eastern Orphean Warbler Sylvia crassirostris
Uncommon passage migrant.Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 11 on 03/03/1957

Asian Desert Warbler Sylvia nana
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 14 on 17/12/2001

Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis
Very common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 'Thousands' on 12-14/05/1966

Ménétries's Warbler Sylvia mystacea
Common passage migrant and winter visitor.
HDC: 25 on 18/03/2016 at Al-Liah Reserve.

Rüppell’s Weaver Ploceus galbula (Category C)
Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 4 on several dates.

Indian Silverbill Lonchura malabarica (Category C)
Uncommon resident. Has bred.
HDC: 25 on 22/01/2004

Goldcrest

Goldcrest Regulus regulus
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 2 on 16/11/2013 at Al-Abraq by Humoud Al-Shayji and Abdulaziz Al-Yousef.
2nd - 2 on 01/12/2014 at Al-Abraq by Hamad Bouresli.

Winter Wren

Eurasian Wren Troglodytes troglodytes
Vagrant, 2 records.
1st - 1 on 23/11/1995 first-year ringed and photographed at Jahra Pool Reserve N Cleere, D Kelly.
2nd - 1 on 24/01/2002 at Sabah Al-Salem G.Gregory.

Bank Myna Acridotheres ginginianus (Category C)
Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 500 on many dates in 2001

Common Myna Acridotheres tristis (Category C)
Very common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 100 on 09/08/1998

Rose-coloured Starling Pastor roseus
Scarce passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 28 on 28/11/1964

Common Starling Sturnus vulgaris
Common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor.
HDC: 2000 on 28/01/2015 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields.

Ring Ouzel

Ring Ouzel Turdus torquatus
Vagrant, 8 records.
1st - 1 on 20/11/1971 Al-Rawdatain S Howe, R Stafford.
2nd - 2 on 17/02/1989 at Al-Abraq G Gregory, CWT Pilcher, M Shehab.
3rd - 1 on 8/12/1995 at Jahra Farms G Gregory.
4th - 1 on 15/11/1998 at Wafra Oil Fields MO Chichester.
5th - 1 on 21/11/2004 at Jahra Pool Reserve K. Al-Ghanem.
6th - 1 on 18/1/2008 at Al-Abraq by a Danish group, P.Fagel, B.Foster.
7th - 1 on 05/11/2008 at Al-Abraq by P.Fagel.
8th - 1 on 03/12/2014 at Al-Abraq by Mohammad Murad.

Common Blackbird Turdus merula
Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 5 on 04/12/2014 at Al-Abraq.

Black-throated Thrush Turdus atrogularis
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 24 on 18/01/1985

Dusky Thrush

Dusky Thrush Turdus eunomus
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 09/01 to 13/02/1987 photographed at Abraq Al-Khabari C W T Pilcher, G Gregory, M Shehab.

Fieldfare Turdus pilaris
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 8 on 21/11/1965

Redwing Turdus iliacus
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 2 on 08/12/1995

Song Thrush Turdus philomelos
Uncommon passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 55 on 17/02/1967

Mistle Thrush Turdus viscivorus
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 3 on many dates.

Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas galactotes
Common passage migrant. Uncommon summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 30 on many dates.

Black Scrub Robin

Black Scrub Robin Cercotrichas podobe
Vagrant, 4 records.
1st - 1 on 26/04 to 6/05/2006 photographed at Sabah Al-Ahmad Natural Reserve K Al-Nasrallah, B.Foster et al.
2nd - 1 on 21/03/2010 at Al-Abraq H Al-Shayji, M Khorshed.
3rd - 1 on 24/04/2015 at Al Dhahar Area, Mohammad Shah.
4th - 1 on 09/05/2015 at Kuwait Zoo, Faisal Al-Nomas.

Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata
Very common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 75 on 27/04/1968 and on 21/04/2016 at Jahra Pools Reserve.

European Robin Erithacus rubecula
Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 17 on 27/10/2016 on Mutla'a Ranch.

Red-spotted Bluethroat Luscinia svecica
Common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 30 on 20/03/2002

White-spotted Bluethroat Luscinia (svecica) cyanecula
Scarce passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: unknown.

Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 99 on 25/04/1968

Common Nightingale Luscinia megarhynchos
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 20 on 23/04/1966

Eastern Nightingale

Eastern Nightingale Luscinia (megarhynchos) golzii
Rare passage migrant, 7 records.
1st - 1 on 04/05/2007 at Jahra Farms, by Mike Pope, Brian Foster, Pekka Fagel.
2nd - 1 on 13/04/2010 by Rashed Al-Hajji.
3rd - 1 on 05/04/2013 at Al-Sabahiya by Omar Al-Shaheen.
4th - 1 on 17/04/2014 at Mutla Farm, Hamad Bouresli.
5th - 1 on 17/04/2014 at Kabd Reserve, Omar Al-Shaheen.
6th - 1 on 26/04/2014 at Abdaly Farms, A.Al-Sirhan.
7th - 1 on 29/04/2014 at Wafra,Humoud Al-Shayji.

White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 72 on 12/04/2007

Collared Flycatcher

Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 10/04/2013 at Al-Abraq by Angelo and Alberto Nava.

Semi-collared Flycatcher Ficedula semitorquata
Uncommon passage migrant, mainly in spring.
HDC: 23 on 18/03/1988

Red-breasted Flycatcher Ficedula parva
Scarce passage migrant, mainly in autumn.
HDC: 10 on 23/10/2014 at Al-Abraq

Taiga Flycatcher

Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla
Vagrant, 4 records.
1st - 1 on 19/04/2013 at Al-Abraq, by Ibrahim Al-Sahood.
2nd - 1 on 03/12/2013 at Al-Shallal's Farm, by Alan et al.
3rd - 1 on 20/11/2015 at Al Al-Abraq, K Haataja, P Fagel.
4th - 1 on 14/10/2016 at Mutla'a Ranch, Markus Craig.

Eversmann's Redstart

Eversmann's Redstart Phoenicurus erythronotus
Vagrant, 11 records.
1st - 1 on 12/12/1970 at Burgan Oil Field S Howe, N Montford.
2nd - 1 on 4/12/1987 at Al-Abraq G Gregory, C W T Pilcher, M Shehab,.
3rd - 1 on 21/02/1997 C W T Pilcher, S T Spencer.
4th - 1 on 16/02/2001 at Mishref, G Gregory.
5th - 1 on 23/01/2004 at Ahmed Al-Shallal Farm, G Gregory.
6th - 1 on 22/12/2006 to 3/01/2007 at Ahmed Al-Shallal Farm, G Gregory, A Al-Sirhan.
7th - 1 male on 15/11/2010 at SAANR, B Foster, P Fagel.
8th - 1 female on 26/11/2010 at Al-Abraq, B Foster, P Fagel.
9th - 1 male on 21/01/2011 at Wafra Farms, Pierre Crochet.
10th -1 male on 16/11/2013 at Al-Abraq, Pekka Fagel.
11th -1 male on 05/12/2015 at Khiran, M Pope.

Western Black Redstart Phoenicurus ochruros
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 6 on 11/12/1987

Central Asian Black Redstart Phoenicurus (ochruros) phoenicuroides
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: unknown.

Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus
Very common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 100 on several dates.

Common Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 30 on 29/03/2015 at Wafra Oil Field (No access)

Western Blue Rock Thrush Monticola solitarius
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 10 on 28/02/2014 at Al-Khiran.

Whinchat Saxicola rubetra
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 80 on 11/04/2006

European Stonechat Saxicola rubicola
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 10 on many dates.

Caspian Stonechat Saxicola maurus hemprichii
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 6 on 01/03/2008

Byzantine Stonechat Saxicola maurus variegatus
Uncommon passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 4 on 26/02/2007

Pied Stonechat

Pied Stonechat Saxicola caprata
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 20/05/2011 at Jahra Pool Reserve by B Foster and P Fagel. It was last seen on 27/05/2011.

Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe
Common passage migrant.
HDC: 72 on 25/03/2014 at Kabd Reserve.

Isabelline Wheatear Oenanthe isabellina
Very common passage migrant. Very common winter visitor.
100 on 07/03/2014 at Al-Liah Reserve.

Hooded Wheatear

Hooded Wheatear Oenanthe monacha
Vagrant, 9 records.
1st - 1 on 16/03/1958 at north-west Ahmadi V A D Sales.
2nd - 1 on 26/03/1971 at Sulaibikhat, by Jack Webb.
3rd - 1 on 28/12/1984 at Umm Al-Rimam C W T Pilcher, Bryon Wright, M Shihab.
4th - 1 on 1/01 to 5/02/1999 at Jal Az-Zor S T Spencer.
5th - 1 on 10-13/03/2001 at Sabah Al-Ahmad Natural Reserve O Schroeder, S Schroeder, G Ostero.
6th - 1 on 01/10/2002 at Jahra Pool Reserve K Al-Ghanem et al.
7th - 1 on 10/12/2011 at Jahra East Outfall by P Fagel et al.
8th - 1 on 22/11/2012 at Jahra East Outfall by Rashed Al-Hajji.
9th - 1 on 11/03/2016 at Al-Abraq by Markus Craig.

Desert Wheatear Oenanthe deserti
Very common passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 50 on 26/12/2008 at SAANR.

Eastern Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe (hispanica) melanoleuca
Uncommon passage migrant.
HDC: 40 on 15/03/2007

Pied Wheatear Oenanthe pleschanka
Very common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 152 on 10/03/2014 at Al-Salmi and Al-Abraq.

Variable Wheatear

Variable Wheatear Oenanthe picata
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 1 on 24/03/2014 at Liyah Reserve, R Al-Hajji.
2nd - 1 on 25/04/2015 at Kabd Reserve, M. Craig.

White-crowned Wheatear Oenanthe leucopyga
Rare winter visitor. Rare summer disperser. First records.

Hume's Wheatear

Hume's Wheatear Oenanthe albonigra
Vagrant, 7 records.
1st - 1 on 12/12/1963 at 'North Kuwait' by VAD Sales.
2nd - 2 on 30/09/1977 at Jal Az-Zor PR Haynes L. Corrall, WA Stuart.
3rd - 1 on 15/10/1978 at Wadi Al-Batin, WA Stuart.
4th - 1 on 28/01/1983 by CWT Pilcher.
5th - 1 on 11/02/2005 A Bailey, B Foster, G Gregory a SAANR.
6th - 1 on 9/9/2008 at Zour Port by M.Chichester .
7th - 1 on 12/12/2009 at SAANR P Fagel, B Foster.

Finsch's Wheatear Oenanthe finschii
Scarce passage migrant and winter visitor.
HDC: 7 on 17/01/2000

Eastern Mourning Wheatear Oenanthe lugens
Uncommon winter visitor.
HDC: 30 on 17/01/2008 at SAANR.

Kurdistan Wheatear Oenanthe xanthoprymna
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: one on all occasions.

Red-tailed Wheatear Oenanthe chrysopygia
Scarce passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 5 on 17/01/2008 at SAANR.

Purple Sunbird

Purple Sunbird Cinnyris asiaticus
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 2 on 05/01/2008 at Ras Sybiya by R Al-Hajji.
2nd - 2 on 11/11/2014 at Al-Khiran by Khalaf Al-Fahad.

House Sparrow Passer domesticus
Abundant resident. Breeds.
HDC: 'Thousands' on many dates.

Spanish Sparrow Passer hispaniolensis
Very common winter visitor. Common resident. Breeds.
HDC: 13000 on 07/01/2007

Dead Sea Sparrow Passer moabiticus
Rare passage migrant. Rare winter visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 12 on 10/11/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve. First records.

Pale Rockfinch Carpospiza brachydactyla
Uncommon passage migrant. Rare summer visitor. Has bred.
HDC: 200 on 17/03/2006

Yellow-throated Sparrow Gymnoris xanthocollis
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor. Breeds.
HDC: 48 on 10/8/2000

Radde's Accentor

Radde's Accentor Prunella ocularis
Vagrant, 3 records.
1st - 1 on 29/03/2007 at Al-Abraq C Brostam et al.
2nd - 1 on 15/03/2012 at SAANR by Rashed Al-Hajji.
3rd - 1 on 06/04/2012 at Al-Shallal's Fram by Todd Pepper.

Black-throated Accentor

Ural Black-throated Accentor Prunella atrogularis
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 28/11/1995 ringed and photographed at Jahra Pool Reserve N Cleere, D Kelly.

Dunnock

Dunnock Prunella modularis
Vagrant, 4 records.
1st - 1 on 08/11/1991 ringed at Messila M Reed, T Cross.
2nd - 1 on 08/11/1995 ringed and photographed at Jahra Pool Reserve N Cleere, D Kelly.
3rd - 1 on 23/11/1995 ringed and photographed at Jahra Pool Reserve N Cleere, D Kelly.
4th - 1 on 01/02/2001 at Sulaibiya G Gregory P Robertson.

Forest Wagtail

Forest Wagtail Dendronanthus indicus
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 10/11/12006 at Al-Abraq M Pope, B Foster, P Fagel.

Blue-headed Wagtail Motacilla (flava) flava
Very common passage migrant. Scarce summer visitor.
HDC: unknown.

Sykes's Wagtail Motacilla (flava) beema
Common passage migrant
HDC: 10 on 14/09/2008 at SAANR.

White-headed Wagtail Motacilla (flava) leucocephala
Rare passage migrant
HDC: 2 on 23/04/2007

Grey-headed Wagtail Motacilla (flava) thunbergi
Scarce passage migrant
HDC: one on many dates.

Black-headed Wagtail Motacilla (flava) feldegg
Very common passage mgrant. Very Common winter visitor.
HDC: unknown.

Eastern Black-headed Wagtail Motacilla (flava) melanogrisea
Common passag migrant
HDC: 2000 on 21/04/2007

Yellow-headed Wagtail Motacilla (flava) lutea
Common passage migrant
HDC: 3 on many dates.

Citrine Wagtail Motacilla citreola
Common passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 10 on 16/08/1985

Grey Wagtail Motacilla cinerea
Uncommon passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 20 on 12/3/2000

White Wagtail Motacilla alba
Abundant passage migrant. Abundant winter visitor.
HDC: 1000 on 06/03/1986

Masked Wagtail

Masked Wagtail Motacilla (alba) personata
Vagrant, 5 records.
1st - 1 on 01/03/2011 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Khaled Al-Ghanem.
2nd - 1 on 10/02/2012 at Wafra Farms by Julien Mazenauer et al.
3rd - 1 on 02/03/2013 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Meshal Al-Saddani.
4th - 1 on 03/07/2013 at Jahra Pool Reserve by Khaled Al-Ghanem.
5th - 1 on 15/02/2015 at Jahra East Outfall by Neil Tovey.

Richard's Pipit Anthus richardi
Scarce passage migrant and winter visitor.
HDC: 6 on 24/11/2007

Tawny Pipit Anthus campestris
Very common passage migrant. Uncommon winter visitor. Rare summer visitor.
HDC: 35 on 07/04/2006

Meadow Pipit Anthus pratensis
Scarce passage migrant and winter visitor.
HDC: 50 on 12/1/1994

Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis
Common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 136 on 08/04/1966

Olive-backed Pipit

Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni
Vagrant, 9 records.
1st - 4 on 09/12/1994 up to 07/01/1995 at Jahra Farms, S.T. Spencer, C.W.T. Pilcher.
2nd - 4 on 08/12/1995 up to 05/01/1996 at Jahra Farms, G. Gregory.
3rd - 1 on 13/12/1996 at Jahra Farms, G. Gregory.
4th - 1 on 29/10/1998 at Jahra Farms, G. Gregory.
5th - 1 on 17/04/1999 at Jahra Farms, G. Gregory.
6th - 1 on 18-31/12/2003 at Jahra Farms, G. Gregory.
7th - 1 on 03/12/2004 at Al Abraq B. Foster and G. Gregory.
8th - 1 on 06/12/2004 up to 19/02/2005 at Jahra Farms, G. Gregory.
9th - 1 on 08/12/2014 at Al Abraq, M. Khorshed.

Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus
Very common passage migrant. Scarce winter visitor.
HDC: 1200 on 21/04/2007 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields.

Siberian Buff-bellied Pipit Anthus (rubescens) japonicus
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 3 on 21/02/2009 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields. First records.

Caucasian Water Pipit Anthus (spinoletta) coutelli
Common passage migrant. Very Common winter visitor.
HDC: 320 on 11/12/2002

Common Chaffinch Fringilla coelebs
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 12 on 12/01/1990

Brambling Fringilla montifringilla
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 15 on 02/12/1988

Hawfinch

Hawfinch Coccothraustes coccothraustes
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 06/11/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve, by M. Khorshed.

Trumpeter Finch Bucanetes githagineus
Uncommon resident. Breeds.
HDC: 85 on 29/12/2008 at SAANR.

Mongolian Finch

Mongolian Finch Bucanetes mongolicus
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 1 on 05/03/2009 later 12 on 20/03/2009 at SAANR by K. Al-Ghanem.
2nd - 1 on 08/04/2011 at SAANR by K. Al-Ghanem

Common Rosefinch Erythrina erythrina
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: 22 on 15/10/2007 at Al-Abraq.

European Greenfinch

European Greenfinch Chloris chloris
Vagrant, two records.
1st - 1 on 10/04/2013 at Al-Abraq by Angelo and Alberto Nava.
2nd - 1 on 29/11/2014 at Jahra Pools Reserve, Mohd Khorshed.

Desert Finch

Desert Finch Rhodospiza obsoleta
Vagrant, 15 records. Has bred.
1st - 2 on 20/5/2004 at Sabah Al-Ahmad Natural Reserve by H. Al-Qallaf.
2nd - 1 juvenile on 11/6/2004 at Jahra Farms by G. Gregory.
3rd - 1 on 15/11/2004 at Abraq Al-Khabari by G.Gregory.
4th - 8 on 12/04/2006 at Kabd by S. Aspinall and G. Brown.
5th - 2 on 15/05/2006 at Sabah Al-Ahmad Natural Reserve by M. Al-Jraiwi.
6th - 1 on 26/04/2008 at Al-Abraq M Pope.
7th - 3 on 14/11/2008 at Zour Port M Chichester.
8th - 4 on 30/04/2010 at Al- Abraq B Foster, P Fagel, M Pope.
9th - 1 on 17/03/2012 at Khiran Area by Rashed Al-Hajji.
10th - 6 on 14/02/2013 at Khiran Area 10th record and first breeding record by Omar Al-Shaheen.
11th - 1 on 10/11/2014 at Sabhan Area by Saad Al-Nouri.
12th - 8 on 21/02/2015 at and 3 on 23/05/2015 Khiran (South of Khor), Ammar Al-Jeraiwi and Mike Pope respectively.
13th - 2 on 07/03/2015 at Sea City (North of Khor), Mike Pope.
14th - 1 on 12/12/2015 at Sea City (North Khor), M Pope.
15th - 1 on 22/12/2015 at Al Abraq, Hamad Bouresli.

Common Linnet Linaria cannabina
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 48 on 27/01/1995

European Goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.
HDC: 14 on 27/01/1995

Eastern Goldfinch

Eastern Goldfinch Carduelis (carduelis) caniceps
Vagrant, one record.
1st - 1 on 19/05/2004 at SAANR, by Abdullah Al-Fadhel.

Eurasian Siskin Spinus spinus
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 100 on 29/11/1985

Corn Bunting Emberiza calandra
Uncommon passage migrant. Common winter visitor.
HDC: 184 on 04/01/2002

Yellowhammer

Yellowhammer Emberiza citrinella
Vagrant, 2 records.
1st - 1 on 14/03/2002 photographed at Heraijah M Al-Saleh.
2nd - 1 on 16/03/2012 at SAANR by Khaled Al-Ghanem.

Rock Bunting

Rock Bunting Emberiza cia
Vagrant, 4 records.
1st - 1 on 24-26/03/1966 at Ahmadi V A D Sales.
2nd - 1 on 01/03/1967 at Ahmadi V A D Sales.
3rd - 1 on 05/05/2009 at SAANR by K. Al-Ghanem.
4th - 1 on 02/12/2014 at Al-Abraq, Mohd Khorshed.

Grey-necked Bunting

Grey-necked Bunting Emberiza buchanani
Vagrant, 5 records.
1st - 1 on 14/09/2005 at SAANR A.Al-Sirhan.
2nd - 1 on 13/04/2009 at SAANR Benno Moreth, Hubert Krieger.
3rd - 1 on 16/09/2011 at SAANR by R.Al-Hajji.
4th - 1 on 24/01/2015 at Al Abraq by M Craig and one probable on 23/01/2015 H Bouresli.
5th - 1 on 20/09/2015 at Al Abraq by H Al-Shayji, A Al-Yousef.

Eastern Cinereous Bunting Emberiza (cineracea) semenowi
Scarce passage migrant.
HDC: 7 on 14/04/1968

Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana
Common passage migrant.
HDC: 500 on 18/04/2008 at Sulaibiya Pivot Fields.

Striolated Bunting

Striolated Bunting Emberiza striolata
Vagrant, three records.
1st - 1 on 14/08/2013 at Sabah Al-Ahmad Natural Reserve by Ammar Al-Jeraiwi.
2nd - 1 on 18/11/2013 at Al-Wafra, by Humoud Al-Shayji.
3rd - 1 on 23/04/2014 at Mutla Farm, Hamad Bouresli.

Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 2 on 20/05/2004

Rustic Bunting

Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica
Vagrant, 3 records.
1st - 2 on 9/05/1953 at Ahmadi V A D Sales.
2nd - 1 on 07/11/2009 at Al-Abraq B Foster, P Fagel, S Price.
3rd - 1 shot dead on 28/04/2014 at Entertainment City, reported by Mike Pope.

Black-headed Bunting Emberiza melanocephala
Scarce passage migrant. Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 32 on 26/08/2005

Red-headed Bunting Emberiza bruniceps
Rare passage migrant and winter visitor.
HDC: 5 on 8/09/2000

Common Reed Bunting Emberiza schoeniclus
Rare winter visitor.
HDC: 3 on 18/11/2006

CATEGORY D

Species that would otherwise appear in Category A, except there is reasonable doubt that they have occurred naturally.

Arabian Golden Sparrow Passer euchlorus
Recorded at Al-Abraq on 13/11/2010 B foster, P Fagel.

CATEGORY E

Species that have been recorded as introductions, human-assisted transportees or escapees from captivity and whose breeding populations (if any) are thought not to be self sustaining.

These are not counted in the total of the Kuwait List, but listed here for interest.

Chukar Alectoris chukar
See-see Partridge Ammoperdix griseogularis
Black Francolin Francolinus francolinus
Greater Blue-eared Starling Lamprotornis chalybaeus
Red-winged Starling Onychognathus morio
Grey Crowned Crane Balearica regulorum
Speckled Pigeon Columba guinea
Diamond Dove Geopelia cuneata
Bruce's Green Pigeon Treron waalia
Budgerigar Melopsittacus undulatus
Alexandrine Parakeet Psittacula eupatria
Monk Parakeet Myiopsitta monachus
Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala
Eurasian Magpie Pica pica
Bearded Reedling Panurus biarmicus
White-spectacled Bulbul Pycnonotus xanthopygos
Asian Glossy Starling Aplonis panayensis
Crested Myna Acridotheres cristatellus
White-vented Myna Acridotheres javanicus
Brahminy Starling Sturnus pagodarum
Wattled Starling Creatophora cinerea
Superb Starling Lamprotornis superbus
Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar
Common Waxbill Estrilda astrild
Red Avadavat Amandava amandava
Orange-breasted Waxbill Amandava subflava
Exclamatory Paradise Whydah Vedua interjecta
Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata
Yellow-fronted Canary Crithagra mozambica

REFERENCES:

GREGORY, G (2005) The birds of the State of Kuwait. Privately published.
GREGORY, G (2008) Kuwait Bird List 26/6/2008. Published at BirdForum.net.
PILCHER C W T,GREGORY G, TYE A & AHMED M S (1986) Additions to the country list produced by the Kuwait Avifaunal Survey, 1985-87. Sandgrouse vol 12.
GREGORY G (2002) The captive origin of bird species in Kuwait. Sandgrouse vol 24(2).
Kuwait Annual Bird Report (2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2006 and 2007). Published by BMAPT, KEPS, Kuwait.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT for couting the birds and getting the highest daily count:

I would like to thank the following people who submitted their bird counts either to me directly or to eBird.org:

Omar Al-Shaheen, Markus Craig, Humoud Al-Shayji, Neil Tovey, Khaled Al-Ghanem, Mike Pope, Mohd Khorshed, Abdulmohsen Al-Suraye, Rashed Al-Hajji, Ammar Al-Jeraiwi, Hamad Bouresli, Saad Al-Nouri and Mohammed Murad.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT:

George Gregory, Musaad Al-Saleh, Khaled Al-Ghanem, Mishal Al-Juraiwi, Mahmood Shihab, Khaled Al-Nasrallah, Abdulmohsen Al-Surayae, Pekka Fagel, Brian Foster, Mike Pope, Charles Pilcher, Peter Cowan, Gary Brown, Mark Chichester, Fahad Al-Mansori, Husain Al-Qallaf, Eesa Ramadan, Mike Jennings, Rashed Al-Hajji, Humoud Al-Shayji, Saad Al-Nouri, Mohd Khorshed, Ouda Al-Bathali, Mohammed Al-Kandari, Sameera Al-khalifa, Haleema Bughaith, Sara Al-Dosari,Omar Al-Shaheen, Ammar Al-Jeraiwi, Mohammed Shah,Hamad Burelsi, Jassem Al-Khalaf, Faisal Al-Nomass, Abdulaziz Al-Yousef, Saleh Al-Sulaihim, Mohammed Ayoub, Ebrahim Al-Sahood, Ahmad Ashour, Ahmad Jamal, Nicola Hulet, Yousef Al-Failakawi , Sheikh Sabah Al-Sabah, A. Bailey, Neil Tovey, Markus Craig, Karri Haataja, A Al-Khamees, Ahmad Salem, M Al-Mowwash, Mutla'a Ranch owners, Al-Shallal Farm owners, Pivot Fields owners, W. Bindl, R.P. Blacker, G. Bundy, H-M. Busch, A. Caldwell, S.Carter-Brown, R.E. Cheeseman, D. A. Clayton, N. Cleere, B. Cooper, P.l. Cox, A.J. Crease, A.Cross, G.Dallemagne, J.Dashti, H.R.P. Dickson, R. Daniel, H. McCurdy, V. Dickson, J. Gaskell, P.R. Haynes, S. Holliday, P. A. D. Hollom, S. Howe, Saijith Kandoth, Anoopkumar Kartha, P. Johnson, A. Lange, F. Lange, H. McCurdy, R. Meinertzhagen, J. Middleton, N. Montfort, Natural History Museum Tring, M. Newhouse, D. L. Newman, G. Ostero, P. H. Rathbone, P. Johnson, J. Rathgeber-Knan, J. Seegers, M. Reed, P. Robertson, A. Ross, G. Rowlands, L. Sager, V.A.D. Sales, O. and S. Schroder, R. Seargent, B. Settles, J. Shaw, S.T. Spencer, W. A. Stuart, B. Thomas, C. B. Ticehurst, A. Tye, G. Walker, F.E. Warr, E. Warr, J. Webb, R. Williams and G. Wright, Dennis O'Sullivan et al., Angelo + Alberto Nava,Alan Dean, Bouke Atema.