Farne Islands, UK on 04/07/2017

I went to the UK, to attend the OSME 39th summer meeting and the AGM at BTO Headquarters, Thetford, Norfolk, and also to attend the OSME council meeting on 2nd July. After the meetings I drove to Seahouses, North Northumberland to take a boat trip to Farne Islands on 4th July. The trip was booked a month earlier for a duration of six hours, including a visit to Inner Farne and Staple Islands. Although the weather was partly cloudy in the previous days, unfortunately on the trip day, it started to rain heavily postponing the trip more than two hours, cancelling the landing on the two islands and shortening the trip to 2 hours!

Common Eider Somateria mollissima faeroeensis

Common Eider Somateria mollissima faeroeensis

Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica

Atlantic Puffin Fratercula arctica

Common Murre (Guillemot) Uria aalge albionis

Common Murre (Guillemot) Uria aalge albionis

Razorbill Alca torda islandica

European Shag Phalacrocorax aristotelis aristotelis

Grey Seal Halichoerus grypus

Grey Seal Halichoerus grypus

A trip to Oulu and Kuusamo, Finland 14-18 May 2017

I booked two one-day birdwatching tours from Finnature (finnature.com). One on May 15th, in Oulu and another in Kuusamo on May 18th, 2017.

According to Finnature, expected target species include the following:

Target species in Oulu:

Great Grey-, Ural-, Hawk-, Short-eared-, Long-eared-, Tengmalm´s– and Pygmy Owls, Pallid Harrier, Western Capercaillie, Black Grouse, Willow Ptarmigan, Hazel Grouse, Three-toed- and Black Woodpecker, Wryneck, Parrot Crossbill and Ortolan Bunting.

Target species in Kuusamo:

Siberian Jay and Siberian Tit, Hawk Owl, Great Grey Owl, Tengmalm´s Owl, Capercaillie, Willow Ptarmigan, Hazel Grouse and Black Grouse, Red-flanked Bluetail, Rustic Bunting, Little Bunting, Two-barred Crossbill, Three-toed Woodpecker and Black Woodpecker.

So, my target species from the above list, were 12 as highlighted with bold text above. However, my target species exceed this number as I wanted to see Red-throated and Black-throated Diver, Goldeneye, Smew, Eider, Common and Velvet Scoter, and Long-tailed Duck.

Unfortunately, just five days before the trip I received the following bad news from Finnature. I understand this has nothing to do with Finnature but there you have it, it is the weather, it can be anything from rainy all day to dry and sunny.

Greetings from Finland –  important information before your trip:

Spring and birding season has come to Finland but unfortunately it doesn’t look like that. So I have unpleasant task to warn you about the bird situation. As you know we are working with nature and there are some things we can’t affect even when we would want to. Weather has been exceptional in Finland this year, March was really warm compared to average years but April and especially begin of May has been really cold. Unfortunately, forecasts haven’t been too accurate they promised warming already for 1st of may but that warm weather has been postponed all the time just for a few days, and then again few days and then again few days… It has been still snowing during this week in Oulu region and we might get some snowfall still at the end of this week. In Kuusamo it has been of course even colder. It seems that wind is coming straight from the Arctic Ocean. Forecasts for Oulu region promise still minus degrees for the nights (about –4c) and for days only about +3 – +5 c this should continue until next Saturday (or even until Monday depending of the forecast) This means that weather is now like it should be before mid-April. 

As you can understand this has affected a lot to bird migration and breeding. It seems that almost all the species are coming late and/or starts to breed later than normally. Also we still have quite a lot of snow in the forests so we haven’t been able to check all the nest sites we have. It is just too difficult to get in some places. Unfortunately, this also means that we don’t have so many owl or woodpecker nest sites than in normal years. We have been checking all the old places. We started this job like in normal years in the end of April and we are still looking actively. We also have contacted several bird ringers around the area who co-operates with us, but unfortunately it seems that everyone has the same situation. It looks like this will be quite poor year for owls in middle part of Finland. There are almost daily sightings of the Hawk Owls and Great Grey Owls in the area, but it seems that they are not breeding this year? However, when the snow is now melting we will re-check all the old nest sites and we will try to find some new ones. This has been very strange spring and it might be that some of the owls will start to breed also later than normally. We shall see what happens? 

So, let’s hope weather gets warmer as soon as possible. We do our best to make the excursions as pleasant as possible and our guides do their best to find more birds and to show as many species as possible to you.

I arrived at Airport Hotel Vihiluoto in Oulu, our meeting point for the next day was at 3:30 am, sunrise at 4am.

After having checked in, I walked outside the hotel, there were loads of Fieldfares, Redwings, Black-headed Gulls, and a couple of Eurasian Magpie.

The next day, at 3:30 am the temperature was -2 degrees Celsius. I was anxious to see the owls, but according to our guide, no nest has been located, so off to birding before sunrise. It was a short drive to stop along the road and there we have it a male Western Capercaillie, I have seen a female last year flying overhead in Slovakia, but this an adult male so close to fill the frame of my camera. It was a nice start.

Most of the lakes were frozen, with water limited to closer parts of the lakes.

Frozen lake in Oulo.

A flock of Tufted Ducks (Aythya fuligula) flying over a partly frozen lake.

Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus urogallus)

Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus urogallus)

At another stop, we had a pair of Willow Ptarmigan a nice target species to begin with. As we drove along the road, there were many Eurasian Curlews, Northern Lapwings, Woodcocks, Common Snipes. We had a Rough-legged Buzzard perched on top of a tree, a second target species bagged. When we a flock of geese landing behind a row of trees we decided to drive closer to have a look, the flock include Greylag Goose, Tundra Bean Goose and Pink-footed Goose. We then saw Whooper Swans, Smew in flight, Black Grouse and three Barnacle Geese, all lifers! We then went to a nest to see a Tegmalm’s Owl.

Willow Ptarmigan – Lagopus l. lagopus, male

Willow Ptarmigan – Lagopus lagopus lagopus, female

Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris) left , Taiga Bean Goose (Anser fabalis) right.

Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus)

Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis)

Tengmalm’s Owl (Aegolius funereus)

Rough-legged Buzzard (Buteo lagopus)

Rough-legged Buzzard (Buteo lagopus)

Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus)

The following birds I saw on May, 15th with the help of our guide :

Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris) 7 , Taiga Bean Goose (Anser fabalis), Pink-footed Goose (Anser brachyrhynchus) 9, Greater White-fronted Goose (Anser albifrons) 11, Greylag Goose (Anser anser) 38, Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) 33, Barnacle Goose (Branta leucopsis) 3, Mute Swan (Cygnus olor) 2, Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) 8, Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) 50, Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca) 45, Smew (Mergellus albellus) 12, Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) 2, Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) 2, Black Grouse (Lyrurus tetrix) 1, Western Marsh Harrier (Circus aeruginosus) 1, Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus cyaneus) 1, Rough-legged Buzzard (Buteo lagopus) 2, Common Crane (Grus grus) 5, Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) 1, Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata) 8, Common Snipe (Gallinago gallinago) 2, Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) 2, Common Redshank (Tringa totanus) 15, Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) 3, Arctic Tern (Sterna paradisaea) 3, Stock Dove (Columba oenas) 1, Common Woodpigeon (Columba palumbus) 4, Short-eared Owl (Asio flammeus) 2, Tengmalm’s Owl (Aegolius funereus) 1, Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus) 2, Eurasian Magpie (Pica pica) 5, Eurasian Jackdaw (Corvus monedula) 1, Rook (Corvus frugilegus) 9, Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix) 2, Eurasian Skylark (Alauda arvensis) 3, Great Tit (Parus major) 6, European Pied Flycatcher (Ficedula hypoleuca) 1, Eurasian Blackbird (Turdus merula) 2, Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) 30, Redwing (Turdus iliacus) 1, Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus) 7, Meadow Pipit (Anthus pratensis) 1, Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella) 4, Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) 9, European Greenfinch (Chloris chloris) 1, , Eurasian Sparrowhawk (Accipiter nisus) 1, Eurasian Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus) 2, Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) 4, Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula) 5, Ruff (Calidris pugnax) 5, Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) 1, Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus) 3, Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) 12, Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) 36, Common Swift (Apus apus) 1, European Robin (Erithacus rubecula) 1, Common Redstart (Phoenicurus phoenicurus) 1, Whinchat (Saxicola rubetra) 1, Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) 1, Grey Wagtail (Motacilla cinerea) 1, Hen Harrier (Circus cyaneus cyaneus) 1, Black Woodpecker (Dryocopus martius) 1, Bohemian Waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus) 10, Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) 2, Whimbrel (Numenius phaeopus) 8, Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix) 12, Eurasian Blue Tit (Cyanistes caeruleus) 4, White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) 4, Eurasian Tree Sparrow (Passer montanus) 5.

On 16th I birded on my own in Oulu, after renting a car:

At Sannanlahti Lintutorni, Lumijoki:

Eurasian Wigeon (Anas penelope) 9, Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) 7, Northern Shoveler (Anas clypeata) 2, Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca crecca) 4, Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) 12, Smew (Mergellus albellus) 2, Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) 41, Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) 19, Eurasian Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus) 4, Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) 2, Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) 4, Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus) 5, Caspian Tern (Hydroprogne caspia) 1, Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix) 2, White Wagtail (Motacilla alba) 3, , Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) 9, Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) 11, Eurasian Curlew (Numenius arquata) 5, Bar-tailed Godwit (Limosa lapponica) 7, Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) 1, Common Tern (Sterna hirundo) 3, Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) 2, Mew Gull (Larus canus heinei) 4.

Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula), male.

Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula), female.

Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula)

Smew (Mergellus albellus)

Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator), male and female.

Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) , male.

Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator), male

Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator), male and female.

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser), male and female.

Common Merganser (Mergus merganser)

Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus) in breeding plumage.

Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus) in breeding plumage.

Mew Gull – Larus canus heinei

Mew Gull – Larus canus heinei

Mew Gull – Larus canus heinei

Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula)

Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus)

Along the road between Siikajoki and Revonlahdentie at coordinates: 64.7741, 24.8613 I had:

Pallid Harrier (Circus macrourus) 1, Common Crane (Grus grus) 2, Northern Lapwing (Vanellus vanellus) 3, Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola) 2, Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) 34, Eurasian Jackdaw (Corvus monedula) 5, Whinchat (Saxicola rubetra) 2, Northern Wheatear (Oenanthe oenanthe) 2, Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) 3, Western Yellow Wagtail (Motacilla flava thunbergi) 2.

Common Crane (Grus grus) walking along a frozen lake.

On 16th May I drove along road 20, towards Kuusamo:

At Ostrobothnia-Sotkajärvi-Hevoskankaantie at coordinates 65.4145, 27.4301, I had the following species:

Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix) 1, Common Raven (Corvus corax) 1, Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) 2, Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus urogallus) 1, Redwing (Turdus iliacus) 2, Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus) 6, Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus) 1.

Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus urogallus), female.

Lapland Longspur (Calcarius lapponicus)

But at another stop at lake Koitijarvi, at coordinates 65.6520, 28.4188, I saw the following:

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) 3, Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca) 2, Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) 1, Smew (Mergellus albellus) 2, Common Merganser (Mergus merganser) 2, Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) 2, Green Sandpiper (Tringa ochropus) 1, Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) 1, Eurasian Magpie (Pica pica) 2, Barn Swallow (Hirundo rustica) 3, White Wagtail (alba) (Motacilla alba) 3.

On 18th May, we met our guide at Sokos Hotel Kuusamo, again at 3:30 am. Our first stop provided us the following:

Western Capercaillie (Tetrao urogallus urogallus) 4, Hazel Grouse (Bonasa bonasia bonasia) 1, Willow Ptarmigan (Lagopus lagopus lagopus) 2, Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) 4, Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus) 2, Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) 4.

Then while driving along a road we had Great Grey Owl (Strix nebulosa), but not the Hawk Owl, while the other group with Finnature saw the Hawk Owl, but not the Great Grey Owl.

Great Grey Owl (Strix nebulosa)

Great Grey Owl (Strix nebulosa)

While driving we stopped at a lake where we had:

Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) 4, Northern Pintail (Anas acuta) 1, Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) 6.

We then stopped at a bridge at coordinates 66.2848, 29.0160:

Taiga Bean Goose (Anser fabalis) 2, Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris) 3, Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) 8, Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) 2, Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca) 2, Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) 25, Common Sandpiper (Actitis hypoleucos) 1, Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) 2, Redwing (Turdus iliacus) 2, White Wagtail (alba) (Motacilla alba) 3, Rustic Bunting (Emberiza rustica) 1, Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) 6.

At another stop we had:

Great Spotted Woodpecker (Dendrocopos major) 1, Great Tit (Great) (Parus major [major Group]) 3, Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs) 2.

At mid-day, we were back to the hotel as our tour finished, so I had to go birding on my own.

I stopped at coordinates 65.8849, 29.4459 to find normal birds:

Eurasian Magpie (Pica pica) 2, Common Raven (Corvus corax) 1, Fieldfare (Turdus pilaris) 1, Mistle Thrush (Turdus viscivorus) 1, Yellowhammer (Emberiza citrinella) 3, Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) 6, European Greenfinch (Chloris chloris) 7

I also stopped at Ala-Kitka Kaukosaari Lintutorni, at coordinates 66°14’42.7″N 29°05’04.1″E to find:

Tundra Bean Goose (Anser serrirostris) 5, Whooper Swan (Cygnus cygnus) 5, Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos) 12, Eurasian Teal (Anas crecca crecca) 4, Tufted Duck (Aythya fuligula) 18, Common Goldeneye (Bucephala clangula) 24, Smew (Mergellus albellus) 5, Red-breasted Merganser (Mergus serrator) 3, Common Ringed Plover (Charadrius hiaticula) 1, Spotted Redshank (Tringa erythropus) 4, Common Greenshank (Tringa nebularia) 4, Black-headed Gull (Chroicocephalus ridibundus) 12, Little Gull (Hydrocoloeus minutus) 5, Brambling (Fringilla montifringilla) 2

At 4:30pm, it is being the time to drive for three hours back to Oulu to get enough sleep for my next two stop flight home. I stopped at Helsinki airport for 5 hours, then Qatar Airways flight to Doha and then to Kuwait.

Well, although I had seen 16 lifers, in this short trip, I was hoping to see the Hawk Owl, Siberian Jay, Siberian Tit and Red-flanked Bluetail. Another target species of the trip that I missed due to the weather, include the two crossbills, scoters and divers. Thus I am planning to go next year!

Eurasian Oystercatcher (Haematopus ostralegus)

Eurasian Jackdaw (Corvus monedula)

Eurasian Woodcock (Scolopax rusticola

Red Deer (Cervus elaphus)

Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus)

Muskrat (Ondatra zibethicus)

My sixteen lifer species of the trip:

Taiga Bean Goose, Tundra Bean Goose, Pink-footed Goose, Barnacle Goose, Whooper Swan, Common Goldeneye, Smew, Black Grouse, Hazel Grouse, Willow Ptarmigan, Rough-legged Buzzard, Great Grey Owl, Tengmalm’s Owl, Bohemian Waxwing, Lapland Longspur, Rustic Bunting.

A list of 87 species seen:

Taiga Bean Goose – Anser f. fabalis

Tundra Bean Goose – Anser serrirostris rossicus

Pink-footed Goose – Anser brachyrhynchus

Greater White-fronted Goose – Anser albifrons

Greylag Goose – Anser anser

Barnacle Goose – Branta leucopsis

Mute Swan – Cygnus olor

Whooper Swan – Cygnus cygnus

Eurasian Wigeon – Anas penelope

Mallard – Anas platyrhynchos

Northern Shoveler – Anas clypeata

Northern Pintail – Anas acuta

Eurasian Teal – Anas crecca

Tufted Duck – Aythya fuligula

Common Goldeneye – Bucephala clangula

Smew – Mergellus albellus

Common Merganser – Mergus merganser

Red-breasted Merganser – Mergus serrator

Western Capercaillie – Tetrao urogallus urogallus

Black Grouse – Lyrurus tetrix

Hazel Grouse – Bonasa bonasia bonasia

Willow Ptarmigan – Lagopus lagopus lagopus

Osprey – Pandion haliaetus

Western Marsh Harrier – Circus aeruginosus

Hen Harrier – Circus cyaneus

Pallid Harrier – Circus macrourus

Eurasian Sparrowhawk – Accipiter nisus

Rough-legged Buzzard – Buteo lagopus

Common Crane – Grus grus

Eurasian Oystercatcher – Haematopus ostralegus

Northern Lapwing – Vanellus vanellus

Common Ringed Plover – Charadrius hiaticula

Whimbrel – Numenius phaeopus

Eurasian Curlew – Numenius arquata

Bar-tailed Godwit – Limosa lapponica

Ruff – Calidris pugnax

Common Snipe – Gallinago gallinago

Eurasian Woodcock – Scolopax rusticola

Common Sandpiper – Actitis hypoleucos

Green Sandpiper – Tringa ochropus

Spotted Redshank – Tringa erythropus

Common Greenshank – Tringa nebularia

Common Redshank – Tringa totanus

Black-headed Gull – Chroicocephalus ridibundus

Little Gull – Hydrocoloeus minutus

Mew Gull – Larus canus

Caspian Tern – Hydroprogne caspia

Common Tern – Sterna hirundo

Arctic Tern – Sterna paradisaea

Stock Dove – Columba oenas

Common Woodpigeon – Columba palumbus

Great Grey Owl – Strix nebulosa

Short-eared Owl – Asio flammeus

Tengmalm’s Owl – Aegolius funereus

Common Swift – Apus apus

Great Spotted Woodpecker – Dendrocopos major

Black Woodpecker – Dryocopus martius

Common Kestrel – Falco tinnunculus

Eurasian Magpie – Pica pica

Eurasian Jackdaw – Corvus monedula

Rook – Corvus frugilegus

Hooded Crow – Corvus cornix

Common Raven – Corvus corax

Eurasian Skylark – Alauda arvensis

Barn Swallow – Hirundo rustica

Eurasian Blue Tit – Cyanistes caeruleus

Great Tit – Parus major

European Robin – Erithacus rubecula

European Pied Flycatcher – Ficedula hypoleuca

Common Redstart – Phoenicurus phoenicurus

Whinchat – Saxicola rubetra

Northern Wheatear – Oenanthe oenanthe

Eurasian Blackbird – Turdus merula

Fieldfare – Turdus pilaris

Redwing – Turdus iliacus

Mistle Thrush – Turdus viscivorus

Western Yellow Wagtail – Motacilla flava thunbergi

Grey Wagtail – Motacilla cinerea

White Wagtail – Motacilla alba

Meadow Pipit – Anthus pratensis

Bohemian Waxwing – Bombycilla garrulus

Lapland Longspur – Calcarius lapponicus

Yellowhammer – Emberiza citrinella

Rustic Bunting – Emberiza rustica

Common Chaffinch – Fringilla coelebs

Brambling – Fringilla montifringilla

European Greenfinch – Chloris chloris

Eurasian Tree Sparrow – Passer montanus

A trip to Kerala, SW India 19-25 May 2016 Part 3

22/05/2016 at Masinagudi, Nilgiris County, Tamil Nadu (26 of which 5 lifers)

Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) 6, Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus) 1, Crested Honey-buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus) 1, White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis) 1, Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) 1, Black Kite (Milvus migrans) 7, Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) 2, Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) 1, Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) 5, Spotted Owlet (Athene brama) 3, Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) 1, Brown-capped Woodpecker (Dendrocopos nanus) 2, Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia multicolor ) 2, Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus) 12, Orange Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) 3, Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus) 1, White-browed Fantail (Rhipidura aureola) 2, Rufous Treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda) 1, House Crow (Corvus splendens) 4, Large-billed Crow (Indian Jungle) (Corvus macrorhynchos culminatus) 2, Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica) 2, Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) 3, Yellow-billed Babbler (Turdoides affinis) 7, Brahminy Starling (Sturnia pagodarum) 10, Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) 15, House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) 10.

22/05/2016 at Mudumalai NP, Nilgiris County, Tamil Nadu (29 of which 8 lifers)

Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) 1, Grey Junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii) 2, Woolly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus) 28, White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis) 2, Changeable Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus) 1, Black Kite (Milvus migrans govinda) 8, Feral Pigeon (Columba livia) 3, Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis cambayensis) 3, Yellow-footed Pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus) 1, Common Hawk-Cuckoo (Hierococcyx varius) 1, Spotted Owlet (Athene brama) 1, Little Swift (Apus affinis) 3, Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops ceylonensis) 2, Chestnut-headed Bee-eater (Merops leschenaulti) 2, Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) 1, Coppersmith Barbet (Psilopogon haemacephalus indicus) 2, Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker (Dendrocopos nanus) 1, Yellow-crowned Woodpecker (Dendrocopos mahrattensis) 1, Streak-throated Woodpecker (Picus xanthopygaeus) 2, Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus objurgatus) 1, Ring-necked Parakeet (Psittacula krameri manillensis) 2, Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia multicolor) 1, Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus) 2, Black-headed Cuckooshrike (Lalage melanoptera) 1, White-browed Fantail (Rhipidura aureola) 1, Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica nipalensis) 3, Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus) 2, Indian Robin (Copsychus fulicatus) 2, Pale-billed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum erythrorhynchos) 1.

23/05/2016 at Pulpally, Wayanad County, Kerala (2 lifers)

Flame-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus gularis) 1, Tickell’s Blue-Flycatcher (Cyornis tickelliae) 1.

23/05/2016 at Sarovaram Biopark, Kottoooli, Kozhikode County, Kerala (11 of which 2 lifers)

Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) 1, Great White Egret (Ardea alba) 1, Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus) 2, Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) 2, Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) 6, Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) 1, Black-rumped Flameback (Dinopium benghalense) 1, Black-hooded Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus maderaspatanus) 2, Rufous Treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda parvula) 2, Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) 2, Loten’s Sunbird (Lotenius hindustanicus) 1.

24/05/2016 at Elanad, Thrissur County, Kerala, Kerala (10 of which 5 lifers)

Grey-bellied Cuckoo (Cacomantis passerinus) 1, Yellow-crowned Woodpecker (Dendrocopos mahrattensis) 1, Lesser Yellownape (Picus chlorolophus chlorigaster) 1, Large Cuckooshrike (Coracina macei macei) 1, Rufous Treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda parvula) 2, House Crow (Corvus splendens) 2, Orange-headed Thrush (Geokichla citrina cyanota) 1, Malabar Starling (Sturnia blythii) 1, Golden-fronted Leafbird (Chloropsis aurifrons insularis) 2, House Sparrow (Passer domesticus indicus) 3.

25/05/2016 at Kole Wetlands–Aranattukara, Thrissur County, Kerala (9 of which 7 lifers)

Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) 2, Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea) 5, Yellow-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus malabaricus) 8, Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis salimalii) 11, Ashy Prinia (Prinia socialis) 2, Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata) 3, Streaked Weaver (Ploceus manyar) 4, Red Avadavat (Amandava amandava) 5, Tricolored Munia (Lonchura malacca) 5.

25/05/2016 at Kalamassery–HMT Estate Area, Ernakulam County, Kerala (8 of which 2 lifers)

Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) 2, Ruddy-breasted Crake (Zapornia fusca) 1, Grey-headed Swamphen (Porphyrio poliocephalus poliocephalus) 3, Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis) 1, Stork-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis) 1, Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus macrocercus) 2, Malabar Starling (Sturnia blythii) 5, Golden-fronted Leafbird (Chloropsis aurifrons insularis) 2.

Mammals:

Sambar Deer Rusa unicolor

Spotted Deer Axis axis

Asian Elephant Elephas maximus

Indian Palm Squirrel Funambulus palmarum

Indian Giant Squirrel Ratufa indica

Indian Boar Sus scrofa cristatus

Southern Plains Grey Langur Semnopithecus dussumieri

Acknowledgment: I would like to thank the following people who Sajan and I met during the trip and provided some help and guidance: Sunil Jaleel, PJ George, Pushpa CR, Santhosh Kumar, Teddy Nirappan, Rajeev Thattekkad, Roshnath Ramesh.

Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus maderaspatanus

Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus maderaspatanus

Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda parvula

Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda parvula

Watercock Gallicrex cinerea

Watercock Gallicrex cinerea

Watercock Gallicrex cinerea

Watercock Gallicrex cinerea

Watercock Gallicrex cinerea

Watercock Gallicrex cinerea

Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus

Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus

Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis

Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis

Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis

Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis

Plain Prinia Prinia inornata inornata

Plain Prinia Prinia inornata inornata

Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar

Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar

Red Avadavet Amandava amandava

Red Avadavet Amandava amandava

Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus chlorigaster

Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus chlorigaster

Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei macei

Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei macei

Malabar Starling Sturnia blythii

Malabar Starling Sturnia blythii

Orange-headed Thrush Geokichla citrina cyanota

Orange-headed Thrush Geokichla citrina cyanota

Orange-headed Thrush Geokichla citrina cyanota

Orange-headed Thrush Geokichla citrina cyanota

Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons insularis

Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons insularis

Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca

Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca

Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis

Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis

A trip to Kerala, SW India 19-25 May 2016 Part 2

20/05/2016 at Munnar, Idukki County (48 of which 31 lifers)

Lesser Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna javanica) 50, Cotton Pygmy-Goose (Nettapus coromandelianus) 7, Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis) 2, Little Cormorant (Microcarbo niger) 3, Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) 3, Crested Honey-buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus) 1, Black Eagle (Ictinaetus malaiensis) 1, Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) 1, White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus) 2, Nilgiri Wood-Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii) 1, Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) 1, Common Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica) 1, Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis) 1, Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis taprobana) 1, Chestnut-headed Bee-eater (Merops leschenaulti) 2, White-cheeked Barbet (Psilopogon viridis) 2, Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker (Dendrocopos nanus) 1, Black-rumped Flameback (Dinopium benghalense) 1, Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus peregrinator) 1, Blue-winged Parakeet (Psittacula columboides) 1, Vernal Hanging-Parrot (Loriculus vernalis) 2, Orange Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) 1, Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach) 1, Indian Jungle Crow (Corvus culminatus) 6, Dusky Crag-Martin (Ptyonoprogne concolor) 2, Hill Swallow (Hirundo domicola) 4, Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis) 2, Cinereous Tit (Parus minor) 2, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch (Sitta frontalis) 1, Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) 2, Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) 5, Square-tailed Bulbul (Hypsipetes ganeesa) 1, Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius) 1, Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus) 4, Kerala Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron fairbanki) 1, Asian Fairy-bluebird (Irena puella) 1, Nilgiri Flycatcher (Eumyias albicaudatus) 1, White-bellied Blue Robin (Myiomela albiventris) 1, Malabar Whistling-Thrush (Myophonus horsfieldii) 1, Black-and-Orange Flycatcher (Ficedula nigrorufa) 1, Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata) 3, Southern Hill Myna (Gracula indica) 2, Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) 5, Nilgiri Flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor) 2, Crimson-backed Sunbird (Leptocoma minima) 1, Loten’s Sunbird (Cinnyris lotenius hindustanicus) 1, White-browed Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis) 3, Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus) 2.

21/05/2016 at Karapuzha, Wayanad County (35 species of which 11 lifers)

Lesser Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna javanica) 50, Cotton Pygmy-Goose (Nettapus coromandelianus) 4, Indian Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha) 20, Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) 4, Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans) 2, Little Cormorant (Microcarbo niger) 3, Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) 2, Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) 1, Intermediate Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia) 2, Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus) 2, Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus) 2, Crested Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis cheela melanotis) 3, Crested Goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus peninsulae) 1, Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) 2, White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus) 1, Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) 3, Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra) 5, Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) 10, Bronze-winged Jacana (Metopidius indicus) 2, River Tern (Sterna aurantia) 4, Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) 1, Grey-bellied Cuckoo (Cacomantis passerinus) 1, Crested Treeswift (Hemiprocne coronata) 3, Green Bee-eater (Merops orientalis beludschicus) 2, Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach) 1, Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii) 2, Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) 10, Ashy Prinia (Prinia socialis) 3, Yellow-billed Babbler (Turdoides affinis) 2, Oriental Magpie-Robin (Copsychus saularis) 1, Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata) 6, Brahminy Starling (Sturnia pagodarum) 3, Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) 4, Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) 50, Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus) 8.

Cotton Pygmy Goose Nettapus coromandelianus

Cotton Pygmy Goose Nettapus coromandelianus

Black Eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis

Black Eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis

Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus

Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus

Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus

Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus

White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus

White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus

White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus

White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus

Nilgiri Wood pigeon Columba elphinstonii

Nilgiri Wood pigeon Columba elphinstonii

Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis

Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaultia

Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaultia

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Yungipicus nanus

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Yungipicus nanus

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Yungipicus nanus

Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Yungipicus nanus

Black-rumped flameback Dinopium benghalense

Black-rumped flameback Dinopium benghalense

Indian Jungle Crow Corvus culminatus

Indian Jungle Crow Corvus culminatus

Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis

Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis

Cinereous Tit Parus minor

Cinereous Tit Parus minor

Hill Swallow Hirundo domicola

Hill Swallow Hirundo domicola

Kerala Laughingthrush Trochalopteron fairbanki

Kerala Laughingthrush Trochalopteron fairbanki

Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus

Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus

Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus

Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus

Asian Fairy Bluebird Irena puella

Asian Fairy Bluebird Irena puella

Southern Hill Myna Gracula indica

Southern Hill Myna Gracula indica

Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus

Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus

Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus

Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus

White-bellied Blue Robin Myiomela albiventris

White-bellied Blue Robin Myiomela albiventris

Black-and-Orange Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa

Black-and-Orange Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa

Nilgiri Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor

Nilgiri Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor

Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima

Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima

Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima

Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima

Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus

Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus

Indian Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha

Indian Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha

Indian Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha

Indian Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha

Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus

Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus male

Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus

Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus female

Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus

Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus

Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus

Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus

Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela melanotis

Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela melanotis

Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus peninsul

Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus peninsul

Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus peninsul

Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus peninsul

Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus

Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus

Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerines

Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerines female

Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerines

Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerines male

Yellow-billed Babbler Turdoides affinis

Yellow-billed Babbler Turdoides affinis

Yellow-billed Babbler Turdoides affinis

Yellow-billed Babbler Turdoides affinis

Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum

Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum

Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii

Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii female

Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii

Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii male

Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus

Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus

Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus

Woolly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus

White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis

White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis

White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis

White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis

Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus

Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus

Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicopterus

Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicopterus

Spotted Owlet Athene brama

Spotted Owlet Athene brama

Coppersmith Barbet Psilopogon haemacephalus indicus

Coppersmith Barbet Psilopogon haemacephalus indicus

Coppersmith Barbet Psilopogon haemacephalus indicus

Coppersmith Barbet Psilopogon haemacephalus indicus

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis

Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis

Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus

Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus

Common Iora Aegithina tiphia multicolor

Common Iora Aegithina tiphia multicolor

Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola

White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola

A trip to Kerala, SW India 19-25 May 2016 Part 1

The birding trip was all arranged and led by Sajan Raju, who did all the logistics, booked hotels, guides etc. I really recommend him as a tour guide to the southern part of India, he knows where the birds are and has a network of friends and birdguides through the southern part of India. With his help I had 107 lifers and saw 151 birds in total within one week, albeit of long car drives.

I flew to Cochin airport from Kuwait, and was greeted by Sajan at the airport early in the morning and off to Thattekkad.

At Thattekkad we were met by photographers and birders; Sunil Jaleel, PJ George, Pushpa CR, Santhosh Kumar, Teddy Nirappan and Rajeev Thattekkad who was the guide to find me the Sri Lanka Frogmouth. Here the forest is humid, hot and full of land blood-sucking leeches, these leeches bite the foot and introduce anticoagulant that prevents the victim blood from clotting, so when removed it produces a bleeding bite that may bleed more than a normal wound. Fortunately Rajeev our guide in the forest had an antiseptic diluted Dettol, he pours the antiseptic over the leech so it let it go and drops to the floor. I had a couple of bites but they soon let it go when poured with Dettol.

The first birds I saw in the forest where the Heart-spotted Woodpecker, River Tern and the Asian Openbill. I was so excited so to forget about the hot humid weather.

Acknowledgment: I would like to thank the following people who Sajan and I met during the trip and provided some help and guidance: Sunil Jaleel, PJ George, Pushpa CR, Santhosh Kumar, Teddy Nirappan, Rajeev Thattekkad, Roshnath Ramesh, Kuttettan Munnar, Anoop Kartha, Anish Elanad, Anith Anilkumar, Sunish Ashokan, and Yazdy Palia.

Below are the birds I saw at every site:

Bird names and taxonomy follows IOC v.7 (www.worldbirdnames.org)

19/05/2016 at Thattekkad, Kerala (45 species of which 34 lifers)

Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans) 3, Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) 2, Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis) 2, Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster) 2, Great White Egret (Ardea alba) 2, Intermediate Egret (Ardea intermedia) 3, Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus) 2, Indian Pond Heron (Ardeola grayii) 4, Crested Honey-buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus ruficollis) 1, Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle (Lophotriorchis kienerii) 1, Shikra (Accipiter badius) 1, Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) 2, River Tern (Sterna aurantia) 3, Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis) 1, Common Hawk-Cuckoo (Hierococcyx varius) 1, Indian Scops Owl (Otus bakkamoena) 1, Sri Lanka Frogmouth (Batrachostomus moniliger) 2, Little Swift (Apus affinis) 2, Crested Treeswift (Hemiprocne coronata) 2, Malabar Trogon (Harpactes fasciatus) 1, Malabar Grey Hornbill (Ocyceros griseus) 1, Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis) 1, White-throated Kingfisher (Halcyon smyrnensis) 2, Dollarbird (Eurystomus orientalis) 1, White-cheeked Barbet (Psilopogon viridis) 2, Malabar Barbet (Psilopogon malabaricus) 1, White-bellied Woodpecker (Dryocopus javensis) 1, Greater Flameback (Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus) 1, Heart-spotted Woodpecker (Hemicircus canente) 1, Plum-headed Parakeet (Psittacula cyanocephala) 2, Vernal Hanging-Parrot (Loriculus vernalis) 3, Ashy Woodswallow (Artamus fuscus) 2, Orange Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) 2, Black-headed Cuckooshrike (Lalage melanoptera) 1, Greater Racket-tailed Drongo (Dicrurus paradiseus) 2, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch (Sitta frontalis) 2, Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) 2, Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) 3, Yellow-browed Bulbul (Iole indica) 1, Jungle Babbler (Turdoides striata) 1, Oriental Magpie-Robin (Copsychus saularis) 2, White-bellied Blue-Flycatcher (Cyornis pallipes) 1, Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata) 2, Purple-rumped Sunbird (Leptocoma zeylonica) 1, Purple Sunbird (Cinnyris asiaticus) 1, White-browed Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis) 2, Black-throated Munia (Lonchura kelaarti) 5.

20/05/2016 at Munnar, Idukki County (48 species of which 31 lifers)

Lesser Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna javanica) 50, Cotton Pygmy-Goose (Nettapus coromandelianus) 7, Little Grebe (Tachybaptus ruficollis) 2, Little Cormorant (Microcarbo niger) 3, Grey Heron (Ardea cinerea) 3, Crested Honey-buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus ruficollis) 1, Black Eagle (Ictinaetus malaiensis) 1, Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) 1, White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus) 2, Nilgiri Wood-Pigeon (Columba elphinstonii) 1, Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) 1, Common Emerald Dove (Chalcophaps indica) 1, Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis) 1, Common Kingfisher (Alcedo atthis taprobana) 1, Chestnut-headed Bee-eater (Merops leschenaulti) 2, White-cheeked Barbet (Psilopogon viridis) 2, Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker (Dendrocopos nanus) 1, Black-rumped Flameback (Dinopium benghalense) 1, Peregrine Falcon (Falco peregrinus peregrinator) 1, Blue-winged Parakeet (Psittacula columboides) 1, Vernal Hanging-Parrot (Loriculus vernalis) 2, Orange Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) 1, Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach) 1, Indian Jungle Crow (Corvus culminatus) 6, Dusky Crag-Martin (Ptyonoprogne concolor) 2, Hill Swallow (Hirundo domicola) 4, Grey-headed Canary-Flycatcher (Culicicapa ceylonensis) 2, Cinereous Tit (Parus minor) 2, Velvet-fronted Nuthatch (Sitta frontalis) 1, Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) 2, Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) 5, Square-tailed Bulbul (Hypsipetes ganeesa) 1, Common Tailorbird (Orthotomus sutorius) 1, Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus) 4, Kerala Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron fairbanki) 1, Asian Fairy-bluebird (Irena puella) 1, Nilgiri Flycatcher (Eumyias albicaudatus) 1, White-bellied Blue Robin (Myiomela albiventris) 1, Malabar Whistling-Thrush (Myophonus horsfieldii) 1, Black-and-Orange Flycatcher (Ficedula nigrorufa) 1, Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata) 3, Southern Hill Myna (Gracula indica) 2, Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) 5, Nilgiri Flowerpecker (Dicaeum concolor) 2, Crimson-backed Sunbird (Leptocoma minima) 1, Loten’s Sunbird (Cinnyris lotenius hindustanicus) 1, White-browed Wagtail (Motacilla maderaspatensis) 3, Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus) 2.

21/05/2016 at Karapuzha, Wayanad County (35 species of which 11 lifers)

Lesser Whistling-Duck (Dendrocygna javanica) 50, Cotton Pygmy-Goose (Nettapus coromandelianus) 4, Indian Spot-billed Duck (Anas poecilorhyncha) 20, Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) 4, Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans) 2, Little Cormorant (Microcarbo niger) 3, Great Cormorant (Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis) 2, Cinnamon Bittern (Ixobrychus cinnamomeus) 1, Intermediate Egret (Mesophoyx intermedia) 2, Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus) 2, Black-headed Ibis (Threskiornis melanocephalus) 2, Crested Serpent-Eagle (Spilornis cheela melanotis) 3, Crested Goshawk (Accipiter trivirgatus peninsulae) 1, Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) 2, White-breasted Waterhen (Amaurornis phoenicurus) 1, Common Moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) 3, Eurasian Coot (Fulica atra) 5, Red-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus indicus) 10, Bronze-winged Jacana (Metopidius indicus) 2, River Tern (Sterna aurantia) 4, Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) 1, Grey-bellied Cuckoo (Cacomantis passerinus) 1, Crested Treeswift (Hemiprocne coronata) 3, Green Bee-eater (Merops orientalis beludschicus) 2, Long-tailed Shrike (Lanius schach) 1, Wire-tailed Swallow (Hirundo smithii) 2, Red-whiskered Bulbul (Pycnonotus jocosus) 10, Ashy Prinia (Prinia socialis) 3, Yellow-billed Babbler (Turdoides affinis) 2, Oriental Magpie-Robin (Copsychus saularis) 1, Pied Bushchat (Saxicola caprata) 6, Brahminy Starling (Sturnia pagodarum) 3, Common Myna (Acridotheres tristis) 4, Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) 50, Paddyfield Pipit (Anthus rufulus) 8.

22/05/2016 at Masinagudi, Nilgiris County, Tamil Nadu (26 species of which 5 lifers)

Indian Peafowl (Pavo cristatus) 6, Black-winged Kite (Elanus caeruleus) 1, Crested Honey-buzzard (Pernis ptilorhynchus ruficollis) 1, White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis) 1, Short-toed Eagle (Circaetus gallicus) 1, Black Kite (Milvus migrans) 7, Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) 2, Collared Dove (Streptopelia decaocto) 1, Spotted Dove (Streptopelia chinensis) 5, Spotted Owlet (Athene brama) 3, Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) 1, Brown-capped Woodpecker (Dendrocopos nanus) 2, Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia multicolor ) 2, Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus) 12, Orange Minivet (Pericrocotus flammeus) 3, Ashy Drongo (Dicrurus leucophaeus) 1, White-browed Fantail (Rhipidura aureola) 2, Rufous Treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda) 1, House Crow (Corvus splendens) 4, Large-billed Crow (Indian Jungle) (Corvus macrorhynchos culminatus) 2, Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica) 2, Red-vented Bulbul (Pycnonotus cafer) 3, Yellow-billed Babbler (Turdoides affinis) 7, Brahminy Starling (Sturnia pagodarum) 10, Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) 15, House Sparrow (Passer domesticus) 10.

22/05/2016 at Mudumalai NP, Nilgiris County, Tamil Nadu (29 species of which 8 lifers)

Grey Francolin (Francolinus pondicerianus) 1, Grey Junglefowl (Gallus sonneratii) 2, Woolly-necked Stork (Ciconia episcopus) 28, White-rumped Vulture (Gyps bengalensis) 2, Changeable Hawk-Eagle (Nisaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus) 1, Black Kite (Milvus migrans govinda) 8, Feral Pigeon (Columba livia) 3, Laughing Dove (Streptopelia senegalensis cambayensis) 3, Yellow-footed Pigeon (Treron phoenicopterus) 1, Common Hawk-Cuckoo (Hierococcyx varius) 1, Spotted Owlet (Athene brama) 1, Little Swift (Apus affinis) 3, Eurasian Hoopoe (Upupa epops ceylonensis) 2, Chestnut-headed Bee-eater (Merops leschenaulti) 2, Indian Roller (Coracias benghalensis) 1, Coppersmith Barbet (Psilopogon haemacephalus indicus) 2, Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker (Dendrocopos nanus) 1, Yellow-crowned Woodpecker (Dendrocopos mahrattensis) 1, Streak-throated Woodpecker (Picus xanthopygaeus) 2, Common Kestrel (Falco tinnunculus objurgatus) 1, Ring-necked Parakeet (Psittacula krameri manillensis) 2, Common Iora (Aegithina tiphia multicolor) 1, Small Minivet (Pericrocotus cinnamomeus) 2, Black-headed Cuckooshrike (Lalage melanoptera) 1, White-browed Fantail (Rhipidura aureola) 1, Red-rumped Swallow (Cecropis daurica nipalensis) 3, Oriental White-eye (Zosterops palpebrosus) 2, Indian Robin (Copsychus fulicatus) 2, Pale-billed Flowerpecker (Dicaeum erythrorhynchos) 1.

23/05/2016 at Pulpally, Wayanad County, Kerala (2 lifers)

Flame-throated Bulbul (Pycnonotus gularis) 1, Tickell’s Blue-Flycatcher (Cyornis tickelliae) 1.

23/05/2016 at Sarovaram Biopark, Kottoooli, Kozhikode County, Kerala (11 of which 2 lifers)

Purple Heron (Ardea purpurea) 1, Great White Egret (Ardea alba) 1, Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus) 2, Black-crowned Night-Heron (Nycticorax nycticorax) 2, Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) 6, Asian Koel (Eudynamys scolopaceus) 1, Black-rumped Flameback (Dinopium benghalense) 1, Black-hooded Oriole (Oriolus xanthornus maderaspatanus) 2, Rufous Treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda parvula) 2, Jungle Myna (Acridotheres fuscus) 2, Loten’s Sunbird (Lotenius hindustanicus) 1.

24/05/2016 at Elanad, Thrissur County, Kerala, Kerala (10 of which 5 lifers)

Grey-bellied Cuckoo (Cacomantis passerinus) 1, Yellow-crowned Woodpecker (Dendrocopos mahrattensis) 1, Lesser Yellownape (Picus chlorolophus chlorigaster) 1, Large Cuckooshrike (Coracina macei macei) 1, Rufous Treepie (Dendrocitta vagabunda parvula) 2, House Crow (Corvus splendens) 2, Orange-headed Thrush (Geokichla citrina cyanota) 1, Malabar Starling (Sturnia blythii) 1, Golden-fronted Leafbird (Chloropsis aurifrons insularis) 2, House Sparrow (Passer domesticus indicus) 3.

25/05/2016 at Kole Wetlands–Aranattukara, Thrissur County, Kerala (9 of which 7 lifers)

Little Egret (Egretta garzetta) 2, Watercock (Gallicrex cinerea) 5, Yellow-wattled Lapwing (Vanellus malabaricus) 8, Zitting Cisticola (Cisticola juncidis salimalii) 11, Ashy Prinia (Prinia socialis) 2, Plain Prinia (Prinia inornata) 3, Streaked Weaver (Ploceus manyar) 4, Red Avadavat (Amandava amandava) 5, Tricolored Munia (Lonchura malacca) 5.

25/05/2016 at Kalamassery–HMT Estate Area, Ernakulam County, Kerala (8 of which 2 lifers)

Brahminy Kite (Haliastur indus) 2, Ruddy-breasted Crake (Zapornia fusca) 1, Grey-headed Swamphen (Porphyrio poliocephalus poliocephalus) 3, Greater Coucal (Centropus sinensis) 1, Stork-billed Kingfisher (Pelargopsis capensis) 1, Black Drongo (Dicrurus macrocercus macrocercus) 2, Malabar Starling (Sturnia blythii) 5, Golden-fronted Leafbird (Chloropsis aurifrons insularis) 2.

Mammals:

Wild Gaur Bos gaurus

Sambar Deer Rusa unicolor

Spotted Deer Axis axis

Asian Elephant Elephas maximus

Indian Palm Squirrel Funambulus palmarum

Indian Giant Squirrel Ratufa indica

Indian Boar Sus scrofa cristatus

Southern Plains Grey Langur Semnopithecus dussumieri

Acknowledgment: I would like to thank the following people who helped during my trip and bird guided me: My bird guide Sajan Raju, Sunil Jaleel, PJ George, Pushpa CR, Santhosh Kumar, Teddy Nirappan, Rajeev Thattekkad, Roshnath Ramesh, Ahmmed Basheer.

My new birds (lifers) 107 Species:

439 Indian Spot-billed Duck Anas poecilorhyncha

1508 Grey Junglefowl Gallus sonneratii

1636 Indian Peafowl Pavo cristatus

2056 Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans

2063 Wooly-necked Stork Ciconia episcopus

2092 Black-headed Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus

2209 Cinnamon Bittern Ixobrychus cinnamomeus

2286 Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus

2428 Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger

2458 Indian Cormorant Phalacrocorax fuscicollis

2493 Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster

2640 White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis

2662 Crested Serpent Eagle Spilornis cheela melanotis

2717 Changeable Hawk-Eagle Nisaetus cirrhatus cirrhatus

2748 Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii

2756 Black Eagle Ictinaetus malaiensis

2832 Crested Goshawk Accipiter trivirgatus peninsulae

3047 Brahminy Kite Haliastur indus

3620 White-breasted Waterhen Amaurornis phoenicurus

3644 Ruddy-breasted Crake Porzana fusca

3702 Watercock Gallicrex cinerea

3990 Yellow-wattled Lapwing Vanellus malabaricus

4144 Bronze-winged Jacana Metopidius indicus

4621 River Tern Sterna aurantia

4838 Nilgiri Wood pigeon Columba elphinstonii

4983 Spotted Dove Spilopelia chinensis

5080 Common Emerald Dove Chalcophaps indica

5452 Yellow-footed Green Pigeon Treron phoenicopterus

5903 Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis

6144 Grey-bellied Cuckoo Cacomantis passerines

6184 Common Hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx varius

6317 Indian Scops Owl Otus bakkamoena

6789 Spotted Owlet Athene brama

6998 Sri Lanka Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger

7353 Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronate

8829 Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus

8903 Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis

9008 Stork-billed Kingfisher Pelargopsis capensis

9459 Chestnut-headed Bee-eater Merops leschenaultia

9592 Malabar Grey Hornbill Ocyceros griseus

9960 White-cheeked Barbet Psilopogon viridis

 10015 Malabar Barbet Psilopogon malabaricus

10016 Coppersmith Barbet Psilopogon haemacephalus indicus

10339 Heart-Spotted woodpecker Hemicircus canente

10454 Brown-capped Pygmy Woodpecker Yungipicus nanus

10516 Yellow-crowned Woodpecker Leiopicus mahrattensis

10895 White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis

10961 Lesser Yellownape Picus chlorolophus chlorigaster

10977 Streak-throated Woodpecker Picus xanthopygaeus

11021 Black-rumped flameback Dinopium benghalense

11039 Greater flameback Chrysocolaptes guttacristatus

11958 Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala

11975 Blue-winged Parakeet Psittacula columboides

12293 Vernal Hanging Parrot Loriculus vernalis

18023 Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus

18116 Common Iora Aegithina tiphia multicolor

18139 Large Cuckooshrike Coracina macei macei

18345 Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina melanoptera

18428 Small Minivet Pericrocotus cinnamomeus

18466 Orange Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus

19268 Black-hooded Oriole Oriolus xanthornus maderaspatanus

19395 Great Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus

19435 White-browed Fantail Rhipidura aureola

20158 Rufous Treepie Dendrocitta vagabunda parvula

20314 Indian Jungle Crow Corvus culminatus

20730 Grey-headed Canary-flycatcher Culicicapa ceylonensis

20997 Cinereous Tit Parus minor

21637 Flame-throated Bulbul Pycnonotus gularis

21646 Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus

21937 Yellow-browed Bulbul Acritillas indica indica

22026 Square-tailed Bulbul Hypsipetes ganeesa

22229 Hill Swallow Hirundo domicola

22237 Wire-tailed Swallow Hirundo smithii

22265 Dusky Crag Martin Ptyonoprogne concolor

23529 Ashy Prinia Prinia socialis

23545 Plain Prinia Prinia inornata inornata

23768 Common Tailorbird Orthotomus sutorius

24422 Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata

24429 Yellow-billed Babbler Turdoides affinis

24615 Kerala Laughingthrush Trochalopteron fairbanki

25157 Oriental White-eye Zosterops palpebrosus

25411 Asian Fairy Bluebird Irena puella

26115 Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis

26446 Southern Hill Myna Gracula indica

26457 Jungle Myna Acridotheres fuscus

26497 Malabar Starling Sturnia blythii

26498 Brahminy Starling Sturnia pagodarum

26675 Orange-headed Thrush Geokichla citrina cyanota

27282 Oriental Magpie-robin Copsychus saularis

27485 White-bellied Blue Flycatcher Cyornis pallipes

27501 Tickell’s Blue Flycatcher Cyornis tickelliae

27600 Nilgiri Flycatcher Eumyias albicaudatus

27847 White-bellied Blue Robin Myiomela albiventris

27887 Malabar Whistling Thrush Myophonus horsfieldii

27984 Black-and-Orange Flycatcher Ficedula nigrorufa

28304 Golden-fronted Leafbird Chloropsis aurifrons insularis

28404 Pale-billed Flowerpecker Dicaeum erythrorhynchos

28407 Nilgiri Flowerpecker Dicaeum concolor

28651 Purple-rumped Sunbird Leptocoma zeylonica

28654 Crimson-backed Sunbird Leptocoma minima

28862 Loten’s Sunbird Lotenius hindustanicus

29294 Streaked Weaver Ploceus manyar

29648 Red Avadavet Amandava amandava

29797 Black-throated Munia Lonchura kelaarti

29816 Tricoloured Munia Lonchura malacca

30003 White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis

30021 Paddyfield Pipit Anthus rufulus

Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans)

Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans)

Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans)

Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans)

Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans)

Asian Openbill (Anastomus oscitans)

Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)

Indian Cormorant (Phalacrocorax fuscicollis)

Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger

Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger

Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger

Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger

Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger

Little Cormorant Microcarbo niger

Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)

Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)

Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)

Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)

Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)

Oriental Darter (Anhinga melanogaster)

Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus)

Eastern Cattle Egret (Bubulcus coromandus)

Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus

Eastern Cattle Egret Bubulcus coromandus

Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus

Crested Honey Buzzard Pernis ptilorhynchus ruficollis

Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii

Rufous-bellied Hawk-Eagle Lophotriorchis kienerii

Shikra Accipiter badius badius

Shikra Accipiter badius badius

River Tern Sterna aurantia

River Tern Sterna aurantia

Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis

Greater Coucal Centropus sinensis

Common Hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx varius

Common Hawk-cuckoo Hierococcyx varius

Sri Lanka Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger

Sri Lanka Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger

Sri Lanka Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger

Sri Lanka Frogmouth Batrachostomus moniliger

Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronate

Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronate

Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronate

Crested Treeswift Hemiprocne coronate

Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus

Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus

Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus

Malabar Trogon Harpactes fasciatus

Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis

Dollarbird Eurystomus orientalis

White-cheeked Barbet Psilopogon viridis

White-cheeked Barbet Psilopogon viridis

Malabar Barbet Psilopogon malabaricus

Malabar Barbet Psilopogon malabaricus

Heart-Spotted woodpecker Hemicircus canente

Heart-Spotted woodpecker Hemicircus canente

White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis

White-bellied Woodpecker Dryocopus javensis

Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala

Plum-headed Parakeet Psittacula cyanocephala

Vernal Hanging Parret Loriculus vernalis

Vernal Hanging Parret Loriculus vernalis

Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus

Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus

Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus

Ashy Woodswallow Artamus fuscus

Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina melanoptera

Black-headed Cuckooshrike Coracina melanoptera

Orange Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus

Orange Minivet Pericrocotus flammeus

Great Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus

Great Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus

Great Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus

Great Racket-tailed Drongo Dicrurus paradiseus

Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus

Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus

Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus

Red-whiskered Bulbul Pycnonotus jocosus

Yellow-browed Bulbul Acritillas indica indica

Yellow-browed Bulbul Acritillas indica indica

Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata

Jungle Babbler Turdoides striata

Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis

Velvet-fronted Nuthatch Sitta frontalis

Oriental Magpie-robin Copsychus saularis

Oriental Magpie-robin Copsychus saularis

Oriental Magpie-robin Copsychus saularis

Oriental Magpie-robin Copsychus saularis

White-bellied Blue Flycatcher Cyornis pallipes

White-bellied Blue Flycatcher Cyornis pallipes

Purple-rumped Sunbird Leptocoma zeylonica

Purple-rumped Sunbird Leptocoma zeylonica

Black-throated Munia Lonchura kelaarti

Tricoloured Munia Lonchura malacca

Black-throated Munia Lonchura kelaarti

Black-throated Munia Lonchura kelaarti

White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis

White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis

White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis

White-browed Wagtail Motacilla maderaspatensis

Mystery Sylvia Warbler photographed on April 9th 2017 in Liyah North, Kuwait

The bird was spotted by Robert Poot and Edward IJzendoorn. The bird  was initially identified as Subalpine Warbler. Later on some experts claimed it to be Menetries’s Warbler. I simply do not know it’s true identity. It looks so different to be Menetries’s but I do not know. If somebody has better information / experience about the issue please let me to know. I have no problem to accept Menetries’s Warbler if it is grounded properly. My e-mail is pekka.fagel@yahoo. com. The main problems to accept Menetries’s Warbler are wrong head color. Menetries should have very dark cap. This bird shows grey head color matching with mantle color. Tail is not black, narrow and lomg. The bird didn’t swing it to side wise like Menetries’s Warbler.  The breast color is too rich to be Menetries’s Warbler.

v

18/04/2017 at Fintas Park, Fahaheel & Port Zour

Short stop to Fintas Park produced second Rueppell’s Weaver and one more Basra Reed Warbler. Fahaheel Park was good for migrants but not yelding any specialities. In Al Kout’s watchtower we had our first White-cheeked Terns. After that Richard Jeffrey spotted Kittiwake which is third record for Kuwait if accepted by KORC. Photographing wise I got kind help by Guy Mirgain from Luxembourg taking pictures by using my mobile pohone and telescope. Then we moved on toward south and next to Saudi Chevron where we managed to see first very distant two Socotra Cormorants and finally relatively close one. In the meantime Neil Tovey reported about two Bridled Terns and Arctic Skua back in Al Kout so we decided to go there again. We managed to see 3 Bridled Terns very quickly and Arctic Skua. In addition to this we had also 4 White-winged Black Terns. Our day was pretty successfull.

Kittiwake (Rissa tridactyla)

Kittiwake

 

 

18/04/2017 at Kabd Reserve

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata 1, Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus 1, Laughing Dove Spilopelia senegalensis 1, Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus 1, European Roller Coracias garrulus 1, Eurasian Wryneck Jynx torquilla 1, Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni 4, Common Kestrel Falco tinnunculus 4, Turkestan Shrike Lanius phoenicuroides 4, Daurian Shrike Lanius isabellinus 3, Masked Shrike Lanius nubicus 8, Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica 5, Willow Warbler Phylloscopus trochilus 10, Eastern Olivaceous Warbler Iduna pallida 3, Upcher’s Warbler Hippolais languida 5, Basra Reed Warbler Acrocephalus griseldis 1, Eurasian Blackcap Sylvia atricapilla 5, Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria 1, Hume’s Whitethroat Sylvia althaea 1, Lesser Whitethroat Sylvia curruca 3, Eastern Orphean Warbler Sylvia crassirostris 1, Common Whitethroat Sylvia communis 2, Spotted Flycatcher Muscicapa striata 3, Rufous-tailed Scrub Robin Cercotrichas galactotes 10, White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis 6, Thrush Nightingale Luscinia luscinia 1, Eastern Nightingale Luscinia (megarhynchos) golzii 2, Common Redstart Phoenicurus phoenicurus 18, Common Rock Thrush Monticola saxatilis 2, Whinchat Saxicola rubetra 7, Eastern Black-eared Wheatear Oenanthe (hispanica) melanoleuca 1, Common Myna Acridotheres tristis 1, Tree Pipit Anthus trivialis 1, Ortolan Bunting Emberiza hortulana 3, House Sparrow Passer domesticus 35.

Basra Reed Warbler Acrocephalus griseldis

Hume’s Whitethroat Sylvia althaea

Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus

Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus

Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria

Barred Warbler Sylvia nisoria

Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida

Upcher’s Warbler Hippolais languida

Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida

Upcher’s Warbler Hippolais languida

White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis

White-throated Robin Irania gutturalis

Eastern Orphean Warbler Sylvia crassirostris

Eastern Nightingale Luscinia (megarhynchos) golzii

Eastern Nightingale Luscinia (megarhynchos) golzii